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[en] The Transient Reactor Test (TREAT) facility, located on the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), northwest of the Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC), has been in programmatic shutdown for more than twenty-three years. Construction of TREAT by the Teller Construction Co., Portland, Oregon, was started in February, 1958, and completed in early November, 1958. The reactor first achieved criticality on February 23, 1959. Operations continued until April 28, 1994, when the reactor was shut down due to the lack of a programmatic mission. Recently, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) identified a need to resume transient testing of new reactor fuels. The Resumption of Transient Testing Program (RTTP) has readied the TREAT facility to resume transient testing operations. The first reactor criticality since the shut down in 1994 was achieved on November 14, 2017. This report details the radiological measurements taken in the TREAT Reactor Building and the surrounding environment prior to and just after its restart in order to characterize the radiological conditions that existed prior to and during the initial restart operations. The authors would like to acknowledge the support from RTTP Management and the TREAT Operations staff for allowing the extensive radiological surveys, as well as the health physics technicians from the INL Radiological Control organization who performed many of the measurements referenced in this report.
[en] The upgrading of the TREAT reactor involves the replacement of the central 11 x 11 subzone of the 19 x 19 fuel assembly array by new, Inconel-clad, high-temperature fuel assemblies, and the additions of a new reactor control system, a safety-grade plant protection system, and an enhanced reactor filtration/coolant system. The final design of these modifications will be completed in early 1983. The TREAT facility is scheduled to be shut down for modification in mid-1984, and should resume the safety test program in mid-1985. The upgrading will provide a capability to conduct fast reactor safety tests on clusters of up to 37 prototypic LMFBR pins
[en] An extrusion and thermal treatment process was developed to produce graphite fuel rods containing a dispersion of enriched UO2. These rods will be used in an upgraded version of the Transient Reactor Test Facility (TREAT). The improved fuel provides a higher graphite matrix density, better fuel dispersion and higher thermal capabilities than the existing fuel
[en] This document provides the software requirements for a computer code to perform point kinetics-based simulations of nuclear reactor transients. These requirements address all aspects of code development and use, including input and output parameters and structure, software capabilities, and supporting documentation. This software is intended to replace the existing point kinetics code TREKIN, which is currently used for the analysis of the Transient Reactor Test Facility (TREAT).
[en] The fast neutron hodoscope at TREAT contains major subsystems for collimation, detection, pulse processing, data storage, and support facilities. The collimator was designed to measure fuel motion in experiments containing typically 34-cm EBR-II fuel pins. Transient tests with active fuel length of 91 cm are beginning to be performed. A new collimator system has been designed, fabricated, and partially installed at TREAT to satisfy requirements for extended fuel surveillance
[en] The upgrading of the Transient Reactor Test (TREAT) Facility at ANL-Idaho has been designed to provide additional experimental capabilities for the study of core disruptive accident (CDA) phenomena. In addition, a programmable Automated Reactor Control System (ARCS) will permit high-power transients up to 11,000 MW having a controlled reactor period of from 15 to 0.1 sec. These modifications to the core neutronics will improve simulation of LMFBR accident conditions. Finally, a sophisticated, multiply-redundant safety system, the Reactor Trip System (RTS), will provide safe operation for both steady state and transient production operating modes. To insure that this complex safety system is functioning properly, a Dedicated Microprocessor Tester (DMT) has been implemented to perform a thorough checkout of the RTS prior to all TREAT operations
[en] The design features of the TREAT Vessel Assembly were reviewed with program participants to coordinate special requirements of organizations and facilities. Consideration was given to design configurations that impacted requirements for assembly, handling, shipping and testing