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[en] The concept of the matched abundance ratio cascade and the system of equations for performing multicomponent productivity calculations upon them has proven extremely useful for analyzing the behavior of gaseous diffusion plants in which the stage separation factors are very nearly equal to unity. Recent interest in the gas centrifuge process, in which the separation factor of a single centrifuge can be relatively large, makes desirable the extension of the theory of the matched abundance ratio cascade to cascades composed of stages with large separation factors. Equations permit the calculation of the productivity for simple cascades composed of stages with large separation factors. The concentration gradient of each of the isotopic species present can be calculated and the cascade description can be determined. An illustrative example dealing with the separation of the isotopes of tungsten in a cascade composed of gas centrifuges is included
[en] The 1 m radius, second order double focusing mass spectrometer at the University of Manitoba has been used to obtain atomic mass differences for eleven mass doublets. These data are combined with well known values for the atomic masses of 13C, 16O, 35Cl, and 37Cl to derive both atomic masses and mass differences for all of the naturally-occurring isotopes of W and Re. (author)
[en] We have developed and program-realized a mathematical model of nonstationary separation processes proceeding in cascades of gas centrifuges for separation of multicomponent isotope mixtures. With the help of this model we have calculated the parameters of nonstationary separation processes proceeding in the cascades of gas centrifuges for tungsten isotope separation. It has been shown that the model adequately describes the nonstationary processes in the cascade and is suitable for calculating their parameters during separation of multicomponent isotope mixtures.
[en] An evaluation of thermal neutron capture on the stable tungsten isotopes is presented, with preliminary results for the compound systems 183,184,185,187W. The evaluation procedure compares the γ-ray cross-section data collected at the Budapest reactor, with Monte Carlo simulations of γ-ray emission following the thermal neutron-capture process. The statistical-decay code DICEBOX was used for the Monte Carlo simulations. The evaluation yields new gamma rays in 185W and the confirmation of spins in 187W, raising the number of levels below which the level schemes are considered complete, thus increasing the number of levels that can be used in neutron data libraries.