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PurposeFellowship programs’ online content plays a key role in prospective Abdominal Radiology applicants’ evaluation of programs. The purpose of this study is to examine the online accessibility of Abdominal Radiology fellowships, the comprehensiveness of the program websites’ content, and evaluate whether specific program characteristics are associated with differentiated website comprehensiveness.
MethodsA list of 67 Abdominal Radiology fellowship programs was obtained from the Society of Abdominal Radiology (SAR) website. Each of the 65 publicly-available fellowship websites was scored for the presence of 19 binary variables related to the program’s attributes and curriculum to assess informational comprehensiveness. Comprehensiveness scores were compared by program characteristics (accreditation status, region, and size) using Kruskal–Wallis and two-tailed t tests.
ResultsMean comprehensiveness score of Abdominal Radiology fellowship websites as measured by online criteria met was 52.6% (10.0 ± 3.0/19). Application requirements and information, rotation scheduling, and program director contact were found on more than 87.5% of the 65 websites, whereas salary and benefits, social information, and alumni were listed on fewer than 33.8% (22/65) of websites. Program accreditation status, region, and size were not associated with difference in mean comprehensiveness scores.
ConclusionsThere is a discrepancy between information commonly sought by prospective Abdominal Radiology fellowship applicants and what is available on fellowship program websites. Programs and applicants alike may benefit from programs strengthening their online material.
[en] This book describes how to use the internet with world wide web. It is divided into six chapters, which are Let's go to the internet ocean, the internet in information superhighway are, connecting the world with a telephone wire such as link with the internet cable and telephone modem, internet service providers, text mode connection, Domain and IP address, the principle and use of world wide web ; business, music, fashion, movie and photo, internet news and e-mail, making internet map with web language, and from installation to application of base program such as TCP/IP, SLIP/PPP 3270 Emulator, Finger and NCSA Mosaic.
[en] We present a broad-brush survey of the phenomenology, history and importance of the electron-cloud effect (ECE). We briefly discuss the simulation techniques used to quantify the electron-cloud (EC) dynamics. Finally, we present in more detail an effective theory to describe the EC density build-up in terms of a few effective parameters. For further details, the reader is encouraged to refer to the proceedings of many prior workshops, either dedicated to EC or with significant EC contents, including the entire 'ECLOUD' series. In addition, the proceedings of the various flavors of Particle Accelerator Conferences contain a large number of EC-related publications. The ICFA Beam Dynamics Newsletter series contains one dedicated issue, and several occasional articles, on EC. An extensive reference database is the LHC website on EC.
[en] One objective of the thematic networks is the exchanges of knowledge among participants, for this reason, actions focused to the diffusion of their respective work are prioritized, evidencing the result of the cooperation among the participant groups and also among different networks. The Ibero-American Laboratories Network of Radioactivity Analysis in Foods (RILARA) was constituted in 2007, and one of the first actions carried out in this framework, was the design and conformation of a web page. The web pages have become a powerful means for diffusion of specialized information. Their power, as well as their continuous upgrading and the specificity of the topics that can develop, allow the user to obtain fast information on a wide range of products, services and organizations at local and world level. The main objective of the RILARA web page is to provide updated relevant information to interested specialists in the subject and also to public in general, about the work developed by the network laboratories regarding the control of radioactive pollutants in foods and related scientific issues. This web has been developed based on a Content Management Systems that helps to eliminate potential barriers to the communication web, reducing the creation costs, contribution and maintenance of the content. The tool used for its design is very effective to be used in the process of teaching, learning and for the organization of the information. This paper describes how was conceived the design of this web page, the information that contains and how can be accessed and/or to include any contribution, the value of this page depends directly on the grade of updating of the available contents so that it can be useful and attractive to the users. (author)
[en] Online social dynamics based on human endeavours exhibit prominent complexity in the emergence of new features embodied in the appearance of collective social values. The vast amount of empirical data collected at various websites provides a unique opportunity for the quantitative study of the underlying social dynamics in full analogy with complex systems in the physics laboratory. Here, we briefly describe the extent of these analogies and indicate the methods from other science disciplines that the physics theory can incorporate in order to provide an adequate description of human entities and principles of their self-organisation. We demonstrate the approach on two examples using empirical data regarding knowledge-creation processes in online chats and questions-and-answers. Specifically, we describe the self-organised criticality as the acting mechanism in the social knowledge-sharing dynamics and demonstrate the emergence of the hyperbolic geometry of the co-evolving networks that underlie these stochastic processes. (paper)