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[en] The security of ports and transportation is of utmost importance for the development of economy and the security of a nation. Among the necessary actions to ensure the security of ports and borders, the inspection of containers is one of the most time consuming and expensive procedures. Potential threats are the illegal traffic of radioactive materials that could be employed for the construction of weapons, as uranium and plutonium. New techniques for the inspections of containers should be fast, allow the detection and identification of dangerous materials, and be non-invasive, to reduce costs and delays. We propose to build a large surface photon and neutron detector based on plastic scintillator to identify the presence of fissile or fertile material inside a container. The detector consists of scintillator bars, wrapped in thin foils of reflecting material containing gadolinium for neutron capture and arranged in planes separated by few-millimeter-thick lead sheets. The total instrumented surface is a few squared meters. Neutrons emitted by fissile materials are identified by gadolinium capture, which results in a high multiplicity gamma flash with total energy of 8 MeV. Photons emitted by the same source are detected via their Compton interaction in the scintillating material. The discrimination between photons and neutrons is achieved by measuring the number of bars of the detector that measured a signal above threshold. The resulting multiplicity is a clear signature of the particle type. First simulations of the detector response with GEANT4 have shown that a detection efficiency of 20-30% for neutrons emitted by fissile materials and a photon/neutron rejection ratio of more than two orders of magnitude can be achieved. Based on these simulations, the sensitivity of the detector to known amounts of plutonium and uranium was estimated. In this contribution, the conceptual design of the detector will be reviewed, the results of the simulations will be presented and the plan of measurements to be performed on a prototype will be discussed.