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[en] ZrW_2O_8/Cu composites with high thermal conductivity and low coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) are desired to be utilized in thermal management applications. The ZrW_2O_8/Cu composites were synthesized under high-pressure and high-temperature (HPHT) conditions and annealing method. We found that the thermal conductivity and CTE of the ZrW_2O_8/Cu composites could be controlled through suitable HPHT sintering. In addition, cyclic heating-cooling is crucial to recrystallize the composite and reduce the thermal mismatch stress to produce a composite with high thermal conductivity and a low CTE. Under HPHT (3 GPa, 500 °C) conditions and annealing at 700 °C, the thermal conductivity and CTE of the ZrW_2O_8/Cu composites have been determined directly to 165 W/(m k) and 6.8×10"−"6 K"−"1. Our results help to understand the structural origins of the high thermal conductivity and low CTE, and aid in designing ZrW_2O_8/Cu composites with improved performance.