Results 1 - 1 of 1
Results 1 - 1 of 1. Search took: 0.027 seconds
[en] Pyrite is one of the most common and geochemically important sulfide minerals in nature because of its role in the redox recycling of iron (Fe). It is also the primary cause of acid mine drainage (AMD) that is considered as a serious and widespread problem facing the mining and mineral processing industries. In the environment, pyrite oxidation occurs in the presence of ubiquitous metal oxides, but the roles that they play in this process remain largely unknown. This study evaluates the effects of hematite (α-Fe2O3) and alumina (α-Al2O3) on pyrite oxidation by batch-reactor type experiments, surface-sensitive characterization of the oxidation layer and thermodynamic/kinetic modeling calculations. In the presence of hematite, dissolved sulfur (S) concentration dramatically decreased independent of the pH, and the formation of intermediate sulfoxy anionic species on the surface of pyrite was retarded. These results indicate that hematite minimized the overall extent of pyrite oxidation, but the kinetic model could not explain how this suppression occurred. In contrast, pyrite oxidation was enhanced in the alumina suspension as suggested by the higher dissolved S concentration and stronger infrared (IR) absorption bands of surface-bound oxidation products. Based on the kinetic model, alumina enhanced the oxidative dissolution of pyrite because of its strong acid buffering capacity, which increased the suspension pH. The higher pH values increased the oxidation of Fe2+ to Fe3+ by dissolved O2 (DO) that enhanced the overall oxidative dissolution kinetics of pyrite. - Highlights: • This study investigates the effects of metal oxides on pyrite oxidation. • Oxidized layers contain oxysulfur species, Fe3+-oxyhydroxides and H2O molecules. • Hematite suppressed the oxidation of pyrite. • Alumina indirectly enhanced pyrite oxidation by raising the pH. • Pyrite and alumina interactions were explained by oxidation-dissolution kinetics.