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[en] This article focuses on the spatial distribution of vegetation formations in Elephant Point, an ice-free area of 1.16 km2 located in Livingston Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica). Fieldwork carried out in January 2014 consisted of floristic surveys and designation of a vegetation map. We have examined these data in a GIS environment together with topographical and geomorphological features existing in the peninsula in order to infer the factors controlling vegetation distribution. This has allowed quantifying the total area covered by the four different vegetation formations distributed across the peninsula, proliferating mainly on bedrock plateaus and Holocene raised beaches. Grass formation is essentially composed of Deschampsia antarctica, distributed almost exclusively on raised beaches, and covering 4.1% of the ice-free surface. The remaining three formations are fundamentally composed of cryptogam species. The first of which is fruticose lichen and moss formation, present on high bedrock plateaus and principally formed by lichens such as Usnea aurantiaco-atra. The next is the crustose lichen formation, spreading on bedrock plateaus near the coast populated by bird colonies. In this case, ornitocoprophilous lichens such as Caloplaca regalis, Xanthoria elegans and Haematomma erythromma are predominant. Together, both formations have colonised 5.1% of the peninsula. The last variety, moss carpet and moss cushion formation, occupies 1.4% of the deglaciated surface, spreading primarily in flooded areas, stabilised talus slopes, and bedrock plateaus as well. Therefore, the total surface colonised by vegetation is 12.2 ha, which comprises 10.5% of the peninsula. Due to the retreat of the Rotch Dome glacier, 20.1 ha remain ice-free since 1956 (17.3% of the deglaciated area). Ever since, even though the Antarctic Peninsula has registered one of the most significant temperature rises on Earth, vegetation has only colonised 0.04 ha of this new space, which merely represents 0.3% of the vegetated area in Elephant Point. - Highlights: • We identified four different vegetable formations in Elephant Point, Antarctica. • These formations are mainly distributed in bedrock plateaus and raised beaches. • Only 10.5% of the peninsular area is vegetated. • These formations have barely colonised the areas deglaciated since 1956. • Time passed since the deglaciation is a key factor to explain vegetable colonisation.