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[en] To report the radiological results of a pilot study for the Korean Lung Cancer Screening project conducted to evaluate the feasibility of lung cancer screening using low-dose chest computed tomography (LDCT) in Korea. The National Cancer Center and three regional cancer centers participated in this study. Asymptomatic current or ex-smokers aged 55–74 years with a smoking history of at least 30 pack-years who had used tobacco within the last 15 years were considered eligible. In total, 256 participants underwent LDCT November 2016 through March 2017. The American College of Radiology Lung Imaging Reporting and Data System (Lung-RADS) was used to categorize the LDCT findings. In total, 57%, 35.5%, 3.9%, and 3.5% participants belonged to Lung-RADS categories 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. Accordingly, 7.4% participants exhibited positive findings (category 3 or 4). Lung cancer was diagnosed in one participant (stage IA, small cell lung cancer). Other LDCT findings included pulmonary emphysema (32.8%), coronary artery calcification (30.9%), old pulmonary tuberculosis (11.7%), bronchiectasis (12.9%), interstitial lung disease with a usual interstitial pneumonia pattern (1.2%), and pleural effusion (0.8%). Even though the size of our study population was small, the positive rate of 7.4% was like or lower than those in other lung cancer screening studies. Early lung cancer was detected using LDCT screening in one participant. Lung-RADS may be applicable to participants in Korea, where pulmonary tuberculosis is endemic.