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[en] Coilin is a marker protein of the Cajal body (CB). Cajal bodies, functional nuclear structure, play important roles for the maturation of telomerase mRNAs. However, whether CB participates in the process of cell senescence is unknown. Cisplatin is a frequently used drug for the chemotherapy for various cancers, which was recently reported to be able to induce premature senescence of tumor cells. In this study, we found that when HeLa cells were treated with 2 μg/ml cisplatin for 4 days, stagnant cell growth, especially in cells stained positive of SA-β-gal, was accompanied with significant changes in CB morphologies. The removal of cisplatin allowed the recovery of normal CB appearance, but was not able to restore cells from senescent states. Knocking down coilin expression by siRNA attenuated the growth and reduced the viability of treated cells, and the decreased rate of CB formation correlated with increased staining of SA-β-gal. Interestingly, when coilin knocked-down cells exposed to cisplatin, the drug sensitivity as shown by the reduction of cell viability was significantly increased compared to the control siRNA transfection groups. Overexpression of coilin phosphomutants increased SA-β-gal fluorescence following treatments with cisplatin as compared to the wild type coilin transfection. Our results indicated that coilin was an important functional player that involved in cisplatin-induced premature cell senescence. It suggested that the modulation of coilin expression could be considered as a potential anti-tumor strategy to increase the sensitivity of chemotherapy through which drug-induced cell senescence was accelerated. - Highlights: • The morphology of Cajal body change in cisplatin inducing premature cells. • The release from cisplatin treatments resulted in the recovery of CB morphology. • Knocking down coilin expression accelerated cisplatin induced senescence. • The overexpression of coilin phosphomutants induced premature senescence.