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[en] The proto-oncogene tyrosine kinase ROS1 plays a key role in carcinogenesis through gene rearrangement to form a fusion protein with other genes, in which the C-terminal intracellular region of ROS1 participates. The possibility of wild type ROS1 overexpression through epigenetic regulation has been proposed. Here, we generated an antibody, 3B20, reactive to the N-terminal region of ROS1 to use it for the detection of wild type ROS1 in cancerous tissues. Using immunoblot and immunoprecipitation analyses, we found that 3B20 also reacted with heat shock proteins (Hsp)70s. Using homology searching, ROS1 and Hsp70s were found to share an identical amino acid sequence: DLGT. Using alanine mutagenesis of ROS1, the epitope was found to harbor this sequence. To modify the idiotope with the aim of selecting more specific antibodies, we introduced random mutations into the heavy chain complementarity-determining region 3 and successfully generated an antibody clone, 3B20-G1K, with a point mutation that only reacted with ROS1 in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and in immunoblot and immunoprecipitation analysis. In immunohistochemical analysis using 3B20-G1K, ROS1 was found to be absent in normal lung tissues and was overexpressed in a case of lung adenocarcinoma. - Highlights: • An antibody to N-terminal region of ROS1 was generated. • Modification of HCDR3 dramatically enhanced the specificity of an anti-ROS1 antibody. • Full-length wild type ROS1 is not detected in normal lung tissue. • Full-length wild type ROS1 is overexpressed in 10% of lung adenocarcinoma.