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[en] Micro/nano structures on stainless steel were prepared by femtosecond laser pulses (800 nm, 35 fs) with different repetition rates and pulse numbers in air. Environmental scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy (ESEM/EDS) were used to study the detailed morphology, microstructure and composition. Femtosecond laser ablation areas were measured and compared. Ablation thresholds were calculated. Results showed that the laser-induced microstructure consists of two distinct regions: a core region of moth-eye-like structure and a peripheral region of micro/nano periodic structures surrounding the core. Nano particles were observed on those micro/nano structures. The dimension of moth-eye-like structure increased dramatically with increasing pulse numbers due to the incubation effect; and the amorphization of micro/nano structures became more serious with the increasing repetition rates. EDS results indicated that the atomic ratio of Cr increased slightly after laser irradiation. The laser induced damage threshold (LIDT) decreased with increasing pulse numbers. The reflectivity of stainless steel decreased for 25 times after laser irradiation. The formation of micro/nano structures can be explained by the plasma resonance absorption model. - Highlights: • Micro/nano structures were generated by femtosecond laser on stainless steel. • Effects of repetition rate and pulse number on micro/nano structure were explored. • The LIDT decreased with increasing pulse numbers due to the incubation effect. • The reflectivity of stainless steel decreased for 25 times after laser irradiation. • The plasma resonance absorption model was proposed as the formation mechanism.