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[en] In connection with the development of nanotechnology in the last 15—20 years, the method of molecular layering (ML), created in the middle of the last century in the USSR, has attracted increasing attention. The features of structural-dimensional effects in the products obtained by new chemical nanotechnology and promising directions of their practical application in "core—nanoshell" compositions are considered in the review. In accordance with the synthetic capabilities of the ML method, the functional properties of the "core—nanoshell" type materials are affected by the "monolayer effect" and the substrate shielding effect, as well as the multicomponent nature of the system, and mutual structural coordination effect of the substrate and the build-up nanolayer. The review presents theoretical and experimental data on the application of the observed effects in the creation of shell pigments and fillers, modified sorbents, catalytic membrane reactors, nanodoped ceramic materials, polymers, quartz fibers with adjustable optical characteristics, electrets, etc.