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Purpose of ReviewMinimally invasive vertebral augmentation procedures (VAP) have been first introduced to provide pain relief in patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures (VF). However, in the last decade scientific literature revealed to be quite controversial about their efficacy. The aim of this review was to analyze clinical evidences from current literature, supported by our own experience.
Recent FindingsCompared to conservative therapies, VAP represent an effective treatment for recent VF and, in elderly patients, reduce mortality and morbidity. Advances in technology have widened the fields of application towards other spine pathologies typical of elderly, such as primary and metastatic tumors.
SummaryIn patients with severe pain for recent or un-healed vertebral fracture, VAP are clinically more effective than conservative treatment. Accurate pain assessment and pre-procedural Magnetic Resonance Imaging are highly recommended to obtain optimal patient selection and best treatment results.