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[en] We present multiwavelength observations of the persistent Fermi-Large Area Telescope unidentified γ-ray source 1FGL J1417.7–4407, showing it is likely to be associated with a newly discovered X-ray binary containing a massive neutron star (nearly ) and a giant secondary with a 5.4 day period. SOAR optical spectroscopy at a range of orbital phases reveals variable double-peaked Hα emission, consistent with the presence of an accretion disk. The lack of radio emission and evidence for a disk suggests the γ-ray emission is unlikely to originate in a pulsar magnetosphere, but could instead be associated with a pulsar wind, relativistic jet, or could be due to synchrotron self-Compton at the disk–magnetosphere boundary. Assuming a wind or jet, the high ratio of γ-ray to X-ray luminosity (∼20) suggests efficient production of γ-rays, perhaps due to the giant companion. The system appears to be a low-mass X-ray binary that has not yet completed the pulsar recycling process. This system is a good candidate to monitor for a future transition between accretion-powered and rotational-powered states, but in the context of a giant secondary.