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[en] NGC 7129 is a bright reflection nebula located in the molecular cloud complex near 105.°4, +9.°9, about 1.15 kpc distant. Embedded within the reflection nebula is a young cluster dominated by a compact grouping of four early-type stars: BD+65°1638 (B3V), BD+65°1637 (B3e), SVS 13 (B5e), and LkHα 234 (B8e). About 80 Hα emission sources brighter than 23 are identified in the region, many of which are presumably T Tauri star members of the cluster. We also present deep (V ∼23), optical () photometry of a field centered on the reflection nebula and spectral types for more than 130 sources determined from low dispersion, optical spectroscopy. The narrow pre-main sequence evident in the color–magnitude diagram suggests that star formation was rapid and coeval. A median age of about 1.8 Myr is inferred for the Hα and literature-identified X-ray emission sources having established spectral types, using pre-main sequence evolutionary models. Our interpretation of the structure of the molecular cloud and the distribution of young stellar objects is that BD+65°1638 is primarily responsible for evacuating the blister-like cavity within the molecular cloud. LkHα 234 and several embedded sources evident in near-infrared adaptive optics imaging have formed recently within the ridge of compressed molecular gas. The compact cluster of low-mass stars formed concurrently with the early-type members, concentrated within a central radius of ∼0.7 pc. Star formation is simultaneously occurring in a semi-circular arc some ∼3 pc in radius that outlines remaining dense regions of molecular gas. High dispersion, optical spectra are presented for BD+65°1638, BD+65°1637, SVS 13, LkHα 234, and V350 Cep. These spectra are discussed in the context of the circumstellar environments inferred for these stars.