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[en] Recent suggestions of a “photon underproduction crisis” have generated concern over the intensity and spectrum of ionizing photons in the metagalactic ultraviolet background (UVB). The balance of hydrogen photoionization and recombination determines the opacity of the low-redshift intergalactic medium (IGM). We calibrate the hydrogen photoionization rate () by comparing Hubble Space Telescope spectroscopic surveys of the low-redshift column density distribution of H i absorbers and the observed () mean Lyα flux decrement, , to new cosmological simulations. The distribution, , is consistent with an increased UVB that includes contributions from both quasars and galaxies. Our recommended fit, for , corresponds to unidirectional LyC photon flux cm−2 s−1 at z = 0. This flux agrees with observed IGM metal ionization ratios (C iii/C iv and Si iii/Si iv) and suggests a 25%–30% contribution of Lyα absorbers to the cosmic baryon inventory. The primary uncertainties in the low-redshift UVB are the contribution from massive stars in galaxies and the LyC escape fraction (), a highly directional quantity that is difficult to constrain statistically. We suggest that both quasars and low-mass starburst galaxies are important contributors to the ionizing UVB at . Their additional ionizing flux would resolve any crisis in photon underproduction.