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[en] To evaluate the impact of PET/CT on clinical management in patients with cancer of unknown primary (CUP). A cohort of patients with CUP undergoing PET/CT was prospectively enrolled in a local PET/CT registry study between April 2013 and June 2018. Questionnaire data from referring physicians on intended patient management prior and after PET/CT were recorded including items on the intended treatment concept and intended additional diagnostics. Changes in management after PET/CT were recorded. Patient outcome of different cohorts was analyzed for overall survival drawn from patient records. One hundred fifty-five patients (53 female; 63.4 ± 12.1 years) were included. Intended therapeutic management was revised in 45.8% of patients after PET/CT, including major changes affecting the intended treatment goal in 26.5% of patients and minor changes (therapy adjustments) in 19.3% of patients. Invasive and additional diagnostic procedures were intended in 25.8% and 63.2% prior PET/CT and 13.5% and 6.5% after PET/CT. PET/CT-based curative therapy concepts were associated with significantly longer patient survival (4.7 ± 0.3 years) than palliative therapy concepts (1.8 ± 0.5 years, p = .0001). Patients with cervical CUP showed a significantly longer survival (4.3 ± 0.3 years) than patients with extracervical CUP (3.5 ± 0.5 years, p = .01). The identification of the primary did not significantly affect survival. This registry study confirms previous studies reporting that PET/CT significantly influences clinical management in patients with CUP, helping physicians to select a more individualized treatment and to avoid additional diagnostics. Furthermore, we could confirm that tumor localization and extent as shown by PET/CT have a significant impact on patient prognosis.