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[en] Highlights: • Field study on the soil-to-rice grain transfer of global fallout Pu was conducted. • For the first time the fallout 240Pu/239Pu atom ratio in rice grain was measured. • TFPu for rice can be assigned to TFPu for the cereals complied in the IAEA TRS 472. • Using the easy-to-measure TFU to estimate TFPu from soil to rice can be considered. - Abstract: Reported transfer factor (TF) values of Pu from paddy soil to rice are rather scarce, despite the radiotoxicity of Pu and the irreplaceable role of rice in Asian peoples’ diets. Here, we conducted a field study to investigate the transfer of global fallout Pu from paddy soil to rice grain (hulled rice) in Japan. The 240Pu/239Pu atomic ratios in two rice grain samples out of 16 samples were determined and the ratios corresponded well with the global fallout value. The soil-to-rice TFPu in 12 Japanese prefectures ranged from 4.5 × 10−6 to 1.2 × 10−4 with a geometric mean of 3.3 × 10−5. The TFs of rice obtained in this study were compatible to the TFs for the broad heading “cereals” compiled in the IAEA Technical Report Series No. 472. Weak correlations were found between the TF and the investigated soil characteristics such as soil pH and loss on ignition. Regarding the TFs for cerium (Ce) and thorium (Th) which are commonly considered as Pu analogues, we observed no significant correlations between the log(TFPu) and log(TFCe) or log(TFPu) and log(TFTh). On the other hand, interestingly, a significantly positive correlation (r = 0.795, p Pu) and log(TFU). In view of the observed similarity of TF values for U and Pu from soil to rice, we thought that using the easy-to-measure TFU to estimate TFPu from soil to rice might be suggested although the mechanism was unclear.