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[en] Highlights: • Radiation-induced swelling observed in additively-manufactured (AM) 316 L stainless steel. • Swelling twice as large in as-fabricated state compared to post-processed states. • Swelling promoted by AM-induced dislocations. • Swelling inhibited near AM-induced precipitates. - Abstract: Metal additive manufacturing offers potential advantages for producing structural materials, such as austenitic stainless steels, in nuclear power systems. However, the microstructure developed during metal additive processing is notably different from the one developed in conventional processing, and the influence of the microstructural differences on performance in radiation environments has not been fully quantified. Using heavy ion irradiation and transmission electron microscopy, the radiation-induced swelling response of a laser powder-bed fusion-manufactured austenitic stainless steel was investigated at high doses. The influence of solidification-induced dislocation and precipitate structures was studied by comparing the radiation-induced swelling response of a 316 L stainless steel in three microstructural states: as-fabricated, solution annealed, and fully recrystallized. Void swelling was approximately twice as pronounced in the as-fabricated state compared to post-processed states. In the framework of the rate theory for radiation effects, the higher swelling in the as-fabricated state can be explained by the strong sink bias for interstitial point defects exerted by the intermediate density of pre-existing dislocations. Void swelling was inhibited in the vicinity of pre-existing precipitates, but the density of precipitates in the as-fabricated material was not enough to compensate for the increase in swelling caused by dislocations.