Results 1 - 1 of 1
Results 1 - 1 of 1. Search took: 0.017 seconds
[en] Highlights: • Fuel-cladding bonding in PWR fuel rods. • Zirconia layer formed at the fuel.|cladding interface. • Chemical bonding occurs between ZrO2 and UO2 at low burnups. • Mechanical bonding progressively occurs between ZrO2 and UO2 when increasing burnup. - Abstract: This study proposes a new and detailed description of the fuel-cladding bonding phenomenon occurring in PWR fuel rods. Very early and late bonding states were characterized on specimens of 35.3 GWd.tU−1 moderate burnup and of 64.5 GWd.tU−1 high burnup respectively. Results were then compared with those achieved on a re-created bonded situation obtained on a Zircaloy-4/hyper-stoichiometric UO2+x model materials diffusion couple. These results tend to indicate that a chemical adhesion is probably at the origin of the PWR fuel-cladding bonding. In addition, the progressive formation of ZrO2/UO2 interfacial circumvolutions observed with increasing burnup, which lead to the physical anchorage of ZrO2 and UO2, is likely to lead to their mechanical adhesion. Thus, the in-reactor ZrO2/UO2 bonding could be considered, since the occurrence of the first bonded situations, as an adhesion phenomenon owning two components: an initial chemical progressively strengthened by a second mechanical.