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[en] We use high-quality, medium-resolution Hubble Space Telescope/Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (HST/COS) observations of 82 UV-bright active galactic nuclei (AGNs) at redshifts zAGN < 0.85 to construct the largest survey of the low-redshift intergalactic medium (IGM) to date: 5138 individual extragalactic absorption lines in H i and 25 different metal-ion species grouped into 2611 distinct redshift systems at zabs < 0.75 covering total redshift pathlengths ΔzH i = 21.7 and ΔzO vi = 14.5. Our semi-automated line-finding and measurement technique renders the catalog as objectively defined as possible. The cumulative column density distribution of H i systems can be parametrized = , with C14 = 25 ± 1 and β = 1.65 ± 0.02. This distribution is seen to evolve both in amplitude, , and slope β(z) = 1.75–0.31 z for z ≤ 0.47. We observe metal lines in 418 systems, and find that the fraction of IGM absorbers detected in metals is strongly dependent on . The distribution of O vi absorbers appears to evolve in the same sense as the Lyα forest. We calculate contributions to Ωb from different components of the low-z IGM and determine the Lyα decrement as a function of redshift. IGM absorbers are analyzed via a two-point correlation function in velocity space. We find substantial clustering of H i absorbers on scales of Δv = 50–300 km s−1 with no significant clustering at Δv ≳ 1000 km s−1. Splitting the sample into strong and weak absorbers, we see that most of the clustering occurs in strong, NH i ≳ 1013.5 cm−2, metal-bearing IGM systems. The full catalog of absorption lines and fully reduced spectra is available via the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST) as a high-level science product at http://archive.stsci.edu/prepds/igm/.