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[en] Highlights: • Two D-A copolymers based on BDT with alkoxylthiophene side chains were developed. • The type and position of alkoxy substituents affect optoelectronic properties. • PSCs based on the polymers exhibited the best PCE of 3.29% and a high Voc of 1.02 V. Two donor-acceptor (D-A) copolymers (PMT-FBT and PET-FBT) with alkoxythiophene-substituted benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene as donor unit and difluorobenzothiazole as acceptor unit, were synthesized and employed as donor material for polymer solar cells (PSCs). The comparative study showed that the type (methoxyl versus ethylenedioxyl) and the position (3- and 4-positons) of alkoxy substituents on thiophene side chains have great effects on the molecular geometries and optoelectronic properties of these copolymers. PSCs based on two polymers exhibit maximum power conversion efficiencies of 3.29% and 2.40%, with open-circuit voltage (Voc) values as high as 0.85 and 1.02 V for PMT-FBT and PET-FBT, respectively.