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[en] Highlights: • Commercialized CaCO3 was used as template and graphitization catalyst to synthesize graphitized carbon. • As-prepared cathode material with a high sulfur loading of 4 mg cm−2 and 90 wt% sulfur. • Graphitized carbon exhibits stronger adhesion with polysulfide and improve battery performance. Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries are next generation of chemical power sources for energy storage and electrical vehicles, because of its high theoretical capacity and high energy density with cheap nontoxicity sulfur cathode. However, for the large-scale applications it is still a major challenge to produce Li-S batteries with remarkable capacity and long stability. Herein, a graphitized carbon/sulfur composites cathode was fabricated with an ultrahigh sulfur percentage of 90 wt%, which could deliver a high initial overall discharge capacity of 1070 mAh g−1 (S-C) and a discharge capacity of 804 mAh g−1 (S-C) after 50 cycles. Even with a sulfur loading as high as 4 mg cm−2, the graphitized C/S composites can still deliver a high initial overall discharge capacity of 908 mAh g−1 (S-C) and a discharge capacity of 739 mAh g−1 (S-C) after 100 cycles. The graphitized carbon with high electrical conductivity, adjustable pore size, pore volume and surface area was synthesized by using commercialized nano-CaCO3 as template and graphitization catalyst. Density functional theory calculation revealed the graphitized structure exhibited stronger adhesion strength with polysulfide. Moreover, the porosity of graphitized carbon enhances the adsorption between carbon and polysulfide.