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[en] The paper provides an overview of the public perception of nuclear power and its role in reducing climate change based on selected peer-reviewed literature sources. Nuclear technology has played a significant role in human life’s advancement mainly in the form of nuclear power generation and medical sciences. Apart from its capability to mitigate climate change, nuclear technology has been used in other non-nuclear applications, for example, seawater desalination in response to water shortages due to extreme prolonged droughts periods. For the past forty years, public perception of nuclear power generation (NPG) has fluctuated over time and differs across regions. Similarly, climate change is another contentious area of concern, and has become a significant focus of international scientific research. The effects of rising temperatures due to the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions into the earth’s atmosphere and continued environmental degradation remains an area of public interest. This study explores the main factors that influence public perception of NPG and determine the change of opinion with time. The study also evaluates the public acceptance of the NPG considering its role in potentially mitigating climate change. Practical strategies aimed at addressing the understanding of nuclear technology and improve the public acceptance of NPG are provided.