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[en] A search for new heavy particles that decay into top quark-antiquark pairs is presented using an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb of proton-proton collision data recorded at a centre-of-mass energy of = 8 TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. The analysis considers events with exactly one charged lepton, missing transverse momentum and jets in the final state. An artificial neural network is utilized to identify hadronically decaying top quarks with high Lorentz boost more precisely than established methods at the same signal efficiency. Based on this, a novel method optimized for the detection of s-channel resonances with spin 1 is created. An enhanced estimation of the background expectations is introduced, which reduces the impact of the systematic uncertainties on the analysis. No significant deviation from the background predicted by the Standard Model of particle physics is observed in the invariant mass spectrum of the top-quark pair candidates. Bayesian upper cross-section limits on a narrow resonance from a leptophobic Z' boson in the framework of a technicolour model and a broad Kaluza-Klein excitation of the gluon in a Randall-Sundrum model are both found to be about 30% better at resonance masses of at least 2 TeV relative to a cut-based search strategy. Based on the observed cross-section limits, a topcolour-assisted technicolour Z' up to a mass of 2.5 TeV and a Randall-Sundrum Kaluza-Klein gluon up to a mass of 2.9 TeV are excluded. These are the most stringent exclusion limits on the resonance mass as compared to other searches based on similar data sets.