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[en] Two of the major challenges the U.S. energy sector faces are greenhouse gas emissions and oil that is both imported and potentially reaching a peak (the point at which maximum extraction is reached). Interest in development of both renewable and nuclear energy has been strong because both have potential for overcoming these challenges. Research in both energy sources is ongoing, but relatively little research has focused on the potential benefits of combining nuclear and renewable energy. In September 2011, the Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis (JISEA) convened the Nuclear and Renewable Energy Synergies Workshop at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to identify potential synergies and strategic leveraging opportunities between nuclear energy and renewable energy. Industry, government, and academic thought leaders gathered to identify potential broad categories of synergies and brainstorm topic areas for additional analysis and research and development (R and D). This report records the proceedings and outcomes of the workshop.
[en] The Institute for Nuclear Energy Science and Technology (INEST) and the Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis (JISEA) co-sponsored an international workshop to identify research topics important in advancing the potential use of hybrid systems with a specific focus on nuclear-renewable hybrid systems. The workshop included presentations ranging from energy challenges and research and development directions being pursued by nations to multiple options for hybrid systems. Those options include one that is being commercialized to other opportunities and analysis results quantifying them. The workshop also involved two breakout sessions--one focused on thermal energy management issues especially at unit-operation scale and the second focused on system operations issues including system controls, regulatory issues, technical and economic analysis, and market challenges. A discussion involving the full group focused on more general issues such as societal involvement and participation. Key criteria for selecting hybrid energy system projects and metrics for comparing them were also identified by the full group.
[en] Effects of magnetic frustration in the model of nine-membered antiferromagnetic s = 3/2 molecular spin ring are investigated. We use a Heisenberg spin model with nearest-neighbor interactions, single-ion anisotropy and with tunable bond defect leading to continuously varying topology: from closed to open ring. In order to identify a frustrated phase we calculate the full energy spectrum of the model and a number of thermodynamic quantities at low temperature. The calculations are performed by means of numerically exact methods: quantum transfer matrix and exact diagonalization. It is shown that total and local magnetizations, nearest-neighbor spin correlations and spin fluctuations can serve as consistent frustration signatures. Magnetizations and spin-spin correlations are reduced in the frustrated phase whereas fluctuations and correlations of fluctuations increase. The ground state in a frustrated phase is a m = 1/2 doublet and in the non-frustrated phase a m = 3/2 doublet. In the system studied bipartiteness is not opposite to frustration as there are regions in the parameter space for which the system is neither bipartite nor frustrated.