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[en] Public administrations have in recent years developed programs of public funding for innovation to boost the competitiveness of business. The study of how companies have used these funding sources generates knowledge to improve the design of support for private innovation and to provide advice for innovative companies. This paper investigates these issues in the agri-food sector which is of particular interest as it is comprised mainly of small and medium enterprises with a wide regional presence and interaction with their local environment. A survey on technological innovation was used to estimate panel logit models with random effects, taking as dependent variables three types of funding: regional, state and European Union. The results generally show a positive relationship between innovation efforts and access to public funding, but also significant differences between types of funding and between sectors. Food companies that obtain public funding tend to have a more innovative profile than Agriculture ones. Both types of firm present higher probabilities than others companies when it comes to gaining access to regional funding, though the opposite often occurs in the case of state funding. Firm size is not significant for regional funding and no overlap was detected between regional and state funding. The financial crisis has adversely affected regional and national aid, which experienced a significant decrease in the period from 2008 to 2013.
[en] Based on the scientific dissemination, Jóvenes Nucleares seeks to enhance the level of knowledge about nuclear science and technology in society in order to ease a debate about the future of the industry based on rigor and objectivity. Taking advantage of the potential of digital media, the Twitter profile of @jjnucleares has been analysed based on the impact of the tweets which have been grouped according to their content. Extracted results have allowed to optimize the format of the tweets, increase their impact and thus contribute to the demystification of nuclear energy
[es]A partir de la divulgación científica, Jóvenes Nucleares (JJNN) busca aumentar el nivel de conocimiento sobre la ciencia y la tecnología nuclear en la sociedad para que el futuro de la industria se debata en base al rigor y a la objetividad. Para aprovechar el potencial de los medios de comunicación digitales, se ha analizado la repercusión de las publicaciones del perfil de Twitter @jjnucleares agrupadas en función de su contenido. Los resultados del análisis permiten optimizar el formato de los tweets y aumentar su repercusión para insistir en la desmitificación de la energía nuclear.
[en] This paper studies the spontaneous symmetry breaking of the 3D Maxwell--Chern--Simons (MCS) system. This action has one transverse, massive, parity sensitive degree of freedom. The authors show that after symmetry breaking, this excitation remains massive (although with an increased value) while the other transverse, parity sensitive, vector-like degree of freedom of the system (initially non-excited) acquires mass. These two masses are always different. Covariant, light-front and canonical analysis of the massive MCS system is given as well as the two coupled reduced actions. The quartic behavior of the system propagator stems from this coupled structure
[en] The Cierro Cave (Fresno, Ribadesella, Asturias) is a karst cavity located in the west bank of the Sella river and developed in the Carboniferous limestone of the Asturian Massif of the Cantabrian Range (northern Iberian Peninsula). This cave contains an important sedimentary, archaeological and palaeontological record of the Upper Pleistocene and Early Holocene with abundant technological remains (lithic and bone industries) and bone remains of mammals and others vertebrates. The archaeological record starts with a probably Middle Palaeolithic level, followed by a complete sequence of the Upper Paleolithic, with a Lower Magdalenian level clearly identified and dated, and ends with levels of the Late Upper Magdalenian/Azilian and the Mesolithic forming three shell middens. The stratigraphic sequence consists of fourteen levels grouped in two litostratigraphic units with very different sedimentary characteristics studied by geoarchaeological methods. The lower unit is characterized by the significant presence of siliceous sands and silts while the upper unit is formed by three anthropic shell middens cemented by carbonates. This paper analyzes the lithostratigraphic sequence and shows the results of the granulometric, mineralogical, edaphic and radiometric analysis. These results allows us to interpret precisely the lithostratigraphy of the deposits and the sedimentary and diagenetic processes responsible for their formation and evolution. In addition, the radiocarbon dates obtained allow us to place the upper levels of the clastic sequence in the GS 2b and the lower shell midden in GI 1 and GS 1 at the end of the Upper Pleistocene, while the upper shell midden would be located in the Boreal cronozona in the Early Holocene.
[es]La cueva de El Cierro (Fresno, Ribadesella, Asturias) es una cavidad kárstica situada en la margen oeste del río Sella y desarrollada en las calizas carboníferas del Macizo Asturiano de la Cordillera Cantábrica (norte de la Península Ibérica), que contiene un importante registro sedimentario, arqueológico y paleontológico del Pleistoceno superior y Holoceno inferior, con abundantes evidencias tecnológicas y restos faunísticos. El registro arqueológico arranca con un nivel que podría corresponder al Paleolítico medio final, sigue con una completa secuencia del Paleolítico superior de la que se cuenta con un nivel del Magdaleniense inferior claramente identificado y datado, y termina con unos niveles datados a finales del Paleolítico superior/Aziliense y en el Mesolítico que configuran un conchero. La secuencia estratigráfica se compone de catorce niveles agrupados en dos unidades litoestratigráficas con características sedimentarias muy distintas, una inferior, siliciclástica y otra superior biogénica formada por la acumulación de conchas y huesos de aporte antrópico, que se estudian con metodología geoarqueológica. En este trabajo se analiza la secuencia litoestratigráfica y se presentan los datos de los análisis granulométricos, mineralógicos, edafológicos y radiométricos. El resultado de estos análisis permite interpretar con precisión tanto la litoestratigrafía del depósito como los procesos sedimentarios y diagenéticos responsables de su formación y posterior evolución. Las dataciones radiocarbónicas disponibles permiten situar los niveles superiores de la secuencia siliciclástica en el GS 2b y el conchero inferior en el GI 1 y el GS 1 (Dryas reciente), al final del Pleistoceno superior, mientras que el conchero superior estaría situado en la cronozona Boreal en los inicios del Holoceno.
[en] This paper presents a brief overview of our INCITE 2007 project on the direct numerical simulation of nonpremixed flames subjected to turbulent flows and water spray evaporation. The simulation is a culmination of our recent developments in advanced physical submodels associated with radiative heat transfer and Lagrangian spray dynamics. One of the main objectives is to identify and verify a unified extinction criterion based on the flame weakness factor built on the excess enthalpy variable concept. The results from two-dimensional turbulent ethylene-air flames suggest that the proposed diagnostic tool provides a correct measure of flame weakening. Further work is under way to extend the analysis over a wide range of parametric conditions
[en] The very precise combined HERA data provides a testing ground in which the relevance of novel QCD regimes, other than the successful linear DGLAP evolution, in small-x inclusive DIS data can be ascertained. We present a study of the dependence of the AAMQS fits, based on the running coupling BK non-linear evolution equations (rcBK), on the fitted dataset. This allows for the identification of the kinematical region where rcBK accurately describes the data, and thus for the determination of its applicability boundary. We compare the rcBK results with NNLO DGLAP fits, obtained with the NNPDF methodology with analogous kinematical cuts. Further, we explore the impact on LHC phenomenology of applying stringent kinematical cuts to the low-x HERA data in a DGLAP fit. (orig.)
[en] The forthcoming p + Pb run at the LHC will provide crucial information on the initial state effects of heavy ion collisions and on the gluon saturation phenomena. In turn, most of the saturation inspired phenomenology in heavy ion collisions borrows substantial empiric information from the analysis of e + p data, where abundant high quality data on the small-x kinematic region is available. Indeed, the very precise combined HERA data provides a testing ground in which the relevance of novel QCD regimes, other than the successful linear DGLAP evolution, in small-x inclusive DIS data can be ascertained. We present a study of the dependence of the AAMQS fits, based on the running coupling BK non-linear evolution equations (rcBK), on the fitted dataset. This allows for the identification of the kinematical region where rcBK accurately describes the data, and thus for the determination of its applicability boundary. It also sets important constraints to the saturation models used to model the early stages of heavy ion collisions. Finally we compare the rcBK results with NNLO DGLAP fits, obtained with the NNPDF methodology with analogous kinematical cuts. Further, we explore the impact on LHC phenomenology of applying stringent kinematical cuts to the low-x HERA data in a DGLAP fit
[en] Moisture is a pathology that damages all type of construction materials, from materials of building envelopes to materials of bridges. Its presence can negatively affect the users’ conditions of indoor comfort. Furthermore, heating and cooling energy demand can be increased by the presence of moist materials. Infrared thermography (IRT) is a common technique in the scientific field to detect moisture areas, because of its non-destructive, non-contact nature. In addition, IRT allows an earlier moisture detection compared to the analysis using visible images. In order to optimize thermographic inspections, this paper presents one of the first methodologies for the automatic detection of moisture areas affecting the surface of construction materials. The methodology is based on the application of visible image processing techniques adapted to thermographic images through the consideration of an image conversion format, a thermal criterion and a thermal and a geometric filter. The precision, recall and F-score parameters obtained are around 83.5%, 73.5% and 72.5%, respectively, considering the false positives/negatives through a series of 12 tests made in different construction materials and ambient conditions, comparing the preliminary results with existing methodologies.