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[en] The publication of the Multi-annual Energy Programming (Programmation Pluriannuelle de l'energie - PPE) on 12 April 2020 confirms the importance of the wind industry, both onshore and offshore, in France's energy transition strategy. The objectives are ambitious, involving the doubling of the installed capacity for onshore wind power by 2028 and launching a call for tenders for offshore wind each year at a rate of around 1 GW per year. The health crisis we have just undergone demonstrates that this is a smart move. The production of renewable electricity remained at very high levels during this period, which was out of the ordinary in more than one respect. For wind power, the average coverage rate was 8.8% during the first semester, and even reached 31% in May. The crisis provided an early demonstration of the capacity of renewable energies to contribute to securing the power supply, in addition to their favourable impact on climate change. We are therefore further fortified in determination to extensively develop renewable energies in order to achieve the ambitious objectives of the multi-annual energy programming. The industry also demonstrates that the energy transition is a source of employment, with an 11% increase in wind jobs in 2019. There are currently 20,000 people working in the industry. It also benefits regional economic development by allowing decentralized power generation close to citizens. Thanks to the provisions in favour of participatory engagement carried by the government, communities and citizens are now more involved in wind projects.
[en] The French wind power sector is committed to the future and now boasts 18,200 jobs and 15.3 GW in service capacity, as at 31 December 2018. First and foremost, it has demonstrated that it is competitive within the electricity generation sector. Wind power is France's largest renewable energy sector and has managed to improve industry performance through technological innovation and an improved integration in its environment, effectively offering consumers a clean, competitive and job-creating source of electrical power. Production costs continue to be reduced, and quality improved, through increased investment and the implementation digitalisation and new technologies. In a society with an ever increasing awareness of the threats posed by global warming, the wind power industry is also a means of taking our environmental responsibilities a step further. Indeed, not only do wind turbines provide intrinsically low-carbon energy, but also achieve carbon neutrality after only six months of operation. In addition, they have upwards of 90% recyclable content. Furthermore, there is a strategic interest in keeping the industry European. While most of the major manufacturers are European firms, the majority of subcontractors supplying these key equipment and turbine manufacturers are French companies, based throughout the country, ensuring a near equilibrium in the French trade balance. Finally, the wind industry represents a pool of diversified jobs, both currently and in the future. In large cities, the wind power sector requires an increasing number of skilled workers in key areas such as project development; across French regions, it calls for engineers in construction and technicians in wind farm operation and maintenance. These jobs are both non-relocatable and long-term, with a twenty to twenty-five year time frame at the very least. Changes in business lines and job types in power distribution networks and transmission grids, will make it possible to further sustain and diversify the jobs of the future (digitalisation, aggregation, etc.). However, industry leading businesses are facing talent shortages and a difficulty in recruiting qualified staff in certain fields, such as maintenance and development. This must be addressed by prompt training programmes to adapt to the new types of jobs that are emerging within the industry. The wind power sector has a bright future and is experiencing dynamic growth, but wind power companies need to be able to invest confidently, within a stable and simplified regulatory framework. An ambitious multi-annual energy programming (PPE), combined with the continued support of national and local elected representatives to further develop wind power, will contribute to the industry gaining a strong foothold throughout the country, providing clean jobs for the future and playing a key role in the energy transition efforts away from fossil fuels, demanded by the younger generation
[en] Economic growth is increasing the threat of climate change. It is triggering growth in global energy demand, which increased by 2.1% in 2017, (compared with 0.9% the previous year). This has made it difficult for countries to achieve the Paris 2015 Climate Accord objective to keep the global temperature rise below 2 degrees Celsius in 2050. It is now unclear how governments will be able to announce increased ambitions in line with the goal of holding global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius in 2050. World Energy Markets Observatory (WEMO) is Capgemini's annual thought leadership and research report that includes useful insights and trends that every energy and utility player should know about as they plan for the future of their business. This 20. edition is drafted mainly from public data combined with Capgemini's expertise in the energy sector. Special expertise on regulation, climate challenges, and customer behavior has been provided by research teams at De Pardieu Brocas Maffei and VaasaETT. The current edition monitors the main indicators of the electricity and gas markets in Europe, North America, Australia, and South-east Asia and reports on developments and transformations in these sectors and addresses six main topics that include: Climate change and regulatory policies, Energy transition, Infrastructure and adequacy of supply, Supply and final customer, Transformation, Financials, Key Findings. Oil prices rose as high as US$80/barrel for the first time since 2014; this represents an increase of nearly 100% since January 2016. Global natural gas demand grew by 3%, thanks in large part to abundant and relatively low-cost supplies. China alone accounted for almost 30% of growth globally. Gas prices rose in Europe, Asia and North America in 2017, but remained below the 10-year average. Despite being the major commodity least loved by analysts, global coal demand rose about 1% in 2017, reversing the trend seen over the last two years. This growth was mainly due to demand in Asia, almost entirely driven by an increase in coal-fired electricity generation. Digital adoption has huge potential to decrease costs in the industry and service sector - among others, IoT and Blockchain witnessed progressive adoption. Grids are strongly impacted by the increased share of intermittent renewables and grid operators will strongly benefit from digitization. However, cyber security still remains a big concern, but this will not prevent utilities from deploying their digital transformation plans.
[en] The 21. annual World Energy Markets Observatory (WEMO) reveals a world struggling to balance the desire for continued economic growth with the need to take deliberate and drastic steps against climate change. In 2018, global energy consumption rose 2.3 percent - nearly twice the average rate since 2010 - as driven by a robust worldwide economy. Despite the rapid growth of renewables in some regions, oil, gas and coal accounted for nearly three-quarters of the increase in total energy demand, their highest share in five years. As a result, greenhouse gas emissions climbed 2 percent globally, a significant break from the plateau of 2014 to 2016. While renewables remain the fastest-growing energy source worldwide, investments during the first half of 2019 declined 14 percent compared with the same period in 2018. Population growth, as well as a lack of anticipated technical breakthroughs over the next two decades, further contribute to a bleak medium- and long-term landscape. This year's WEMO report explores these issues in greater detail and presents new ideas for how utilities, policy-makers and private companies can embrace a long-term strategy that balances growth and change - and draws opportunity from crisis.
[en] This WEMO edition reviews an exceptional period with two distinctive phases: - In 2019 worldwide economic slowdown combined with energy transition measures resulted in some improvements regarding climate change objectives. However, the world was not on track to meet the 2015 Paris agreement objectives. - In 2020 our planet suffered from the COVID-19 pandemic and the economic crisis that followed, plunging our world into a long period of uncertainty. This year's World Energy Markets Observatory report explores how the energy sector can balance these competing priorities. Here we present practical ideas for how utilities, policy-makers and private companies can embrace a strategy that builds short-term resiliency while improving long-term sustainability.