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[en] Liquid desiccant systems have been paid attention because of its advantages in energy saving and an environmental friendliness. The use of liquid desiccant systems offers design and performance advantages over the solid desiccant systems, especially when solar energy is used for regeneration. The objective of this paper is to analyze the simultaneous heat and mass transfer characteristics of lithium chloride aqueous solution for the plate type dehumidification system. The effects of process air and solution inlet conditions on the dehumidification performance are studied in this study. It is found that the heat transfer coefficient of the air side gives much more significant effect on the absorption rate and dehumidification effectiveness than those of the solution and the coolant sides while the mass transfer coefficient of the solution side gives more significant effect than that of the air side. It is also found that the solution concentration is the most important factor for absorption performance improvement during the dehumidification process.
[en] Highlight: ► Comparison of quench and fault-current-limiting behavior of SFCLs by Tr type. -- Abstract: The South Korean power grid has a network structure for the flexible operation of the system. The continuously increasing power demand necessitated the increase of power facilities, which decreased the impedance in the power system. As a result, the size of the fault current in the event of a system fault increased. As this increased fault current size is threatening the breaking capacity of the circuit breaker, the main protective device, a solution to this problem is needed. The superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) has been designed to address this problem. SFCL supports the stable operation of the circuit breaker through its excellent fault-current-limiting operation [1–5]. In this paper, the quench and fault current limiting characteristics of the flux-coupling-type SFCL with one three-phase transformer were compared with those of the same SFCL type but with three single-phase transformers. In the case of the three-phase transformers, both the superconducting elements of the fault and sound phases were quenched, whereas in the case of the single-phase transformer, only that of the fault phase was quenched. For the fault current limiting rate, both cases showed similar rates for the single line-to-ground fault, but for the three-wire earth fault, the fault current limiting rate of the single-phase transformer was over 90% whereas that of the three-phase transformer was about 60%. It appears that when the three-phase transformer was used, the limiting rate decreased because the fluxes by the fault current of each phase were linked in one core. When the power loads of the superconducting elements were compared by fault type, the initial (half-cycle) load was great when the single-phase transformer was applied, whereas for the three-phase transformer, its power load was slightly lower at the initial stage but became greater after the half fault cycle