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[en] Similar to the trend observed over the last thirty years, the production of electricity will likely account for much of the growth in natural gas consumption worldwide, regardless of the region. However transportation, storage and distribution make up, on the average, 70% of the total costs of producing gas
[en] In 2018, worldwide LNG (liquefied natural gas) deliveries exceeded 320 million tons (1 million tons of LNG: 1.2 billion cubic meters or approximately 13 TWh), representing growth of more than 300% over the past 15 years. As this growth is set to continue, the golden age of natural gas mentioned by the IEA a few years ago seems to be taking the form of a golden age for LNG. The emergence of LNG as a significant component of energy trade reflects the changes brought about by the imperatives of energy transition as well as the shift in global economic growth dynamics towards Asia
[fr]En 2018, les livraisons de GNL (gaz naturel liquefie) dans le monde ont depasse 320 millions de tonnes (1 million de tonnes de GNL: 1,2 milliard de m3 ou 13 TWh environ), signant une croissance superieure a 300 % au cours des quinze dernieres annees. Cette croissance etant destinee a se prolonger, l'age d'or du gaz naturel evoque par l'AIE il y a quelques annees semble prendre la forme d'un age d'or du GNL. L'emergence du GNL comme un element significatif des echanges d'energie traduit les changements induits par les imperatifs de la transition energetique ainsi que par le basculement vers l'Asie de la dynamique de la croissance economique mondiale
[en] The World Energy Council held its 24. Congress from 9 to 12 September in Abu Dhabi, for the first time in its history in a Middle Eastern country, under the theme 'Energy for Prosperity'. Organised every three years, the World Energy Congress has gradually established itself as one of the very first events in the energy sector during which leaders from all geographical and professional backgrounds (governments, international institutions, private or public companies, financial institutions, experts, innovators, researchers and academics, etc.) meet and exchange views on global energy issues and problems
[fr]Le Conseil Mondial de l'energie a tenu son 24e congres, du 9 au 12 septembre dernier a Abu Dhabi, pour la premiere fois de son histoire dans un pays du Moyen-Orient, sous le theme 'Energy for Prosperity'. Organise tous les trois ans, le Congres Mondial de l'energie s'est progressivement impose comme l'un des tout premiers evenements du secteur energetique au cours duquel se rencontrent et echangent des responsables de toutes origines geographiques et professionnelles (gouvernements, institutions internationales, entreprises privees ou publiques, institutions financieres, experts, innovateurs, chercheurs et universitaires) pour debattre sur des thematiques et des problematiques mondiales de l'energie
[en] After opening statements about energy as a sustainable factor of prosperity for people, the contributions and debates of this congress addressed the following issues: new perspectives for energy for prosperity (hydrocarbons and petroleum, necessary control of carbon emissions by the industry, signals given by three world energy scenarios, necessary diversification of economies in the Middle East, new visions of energy in a context of disruption, energising the circular economy, a necessary end of use for coal, deep decarbonization for new strategies for zero carbon emissions, the age of digitalisation), business as (un)usual or an opportunity for change (new regional perspectives for Africa and Asia, people driving change for sustainable energy, designing an energy smart future in cities, UAE objectives of carbon print reduction, role of gas in energy transition, dynamic resilience or preparation for extreme weather and water stress, the power of people diversity), inclusive prosperity of new policy imperatives (a new era of energy geopolitics, acceleration of Sustainable Development Goals, world energy scenarios, the challenge of the energy-water-food ecosystem, European perspectives), and innovation as the pathway to prosperity (start-ups in energy transition, cyber security and energy transition, rethinking innovation ecosystems beyond technology). Another part proposes contributions by young researchers, and contributions on some issues: the meaning of energy transition today, the possibly indispensable role of new technologies, a transition which must now meet society's expectations, a transition which must be facilitated by its different actors (governments, governance, geopolitics).
[en] This publication proposes the 22. World Energy congress statements (official statement, the discussions of the future energy leader's programme, contribution of young French students and researchers, what works and does not work in energy efficiency policies in the world) and indicates its publications (the World Energy Trilemna, and World Energy Scenarios to 2050). The contributions of French speakers are then proposed on the following themes: vision and scenarios for the future, identifying business opportunities with resources and technologies, the energy trilemma or policy solutions to secure prosperity, and securing a sustainable energy future. Other contributions by company and government representatives are provided.
[en] There is increasing and widespread recognition that nuclear energy will feature in the future global energy mix and make its contribution to sustainable development. The growth of nuclear energy and its role in the global energy transition will be influenced by a number of factors. The pace and direction of the global energy transition is part of a much wider set of global developments. The Grand Transition is under way and implies a fundamental socio-economic transition in response to the promise of a coming era of digital and ecological productivity. Within this broader context, the outlook for nuclear and other forms of energy is being shaped by a complex and unpredictable interplay of global drivers of change - including decentralisation, decarbonization, digitalisation and evolving geopolitics. Multiple possible pathways are emerging for managing a successful global energy transition from hydrocarbon molecules to low-carbon energy. Innovation will play a key role but not only through new and improved energy technologies. A broader and disruptive landscape of innovation has led to many new ways of producing, trading and using energy and electricity - such as in transport, buildings and industry. Recognising the diversity of perspectives on nuclear energy, the World Energy Council (the Council), with contributions from the World Nuclear Association (the Association), has gathered insights from senior energy leaders on the future of the industry. This work has contributed to the Council's new global nuclear perspectives, which have been fed into an update of the Council's World Energy Scenarios. In this report, the future of nuclear is described through the lens of the Council's World Energy Scenarios archetype framework - Modern Jazz, Unfinished Symphony and Hard Rock - in three plausible, alternative pathways for the future development of the sector. This report also describes implications for the role of nuclear energy in the global energy transition. The Harmony program, coordinated by the World Nuclear Association, sets out a vision for the future of electricity with the goal for nuclear to provide at least 25% of global electricity before 2050 as part of a clean and reliable low-carbon mix. The Harmony program works with the whole energy community to get support from key stakeholders to ultimately deliver a low-carbon future in which nuclear fully contributes
[en] The scenarios provides an inclusive and strategic framework that enables big-picture thinking. They are designed to be used as a set to explore and navigate what might happen and support a better-quality global strategic dialogue on the future of energy systems. These regionally focused scenarios are is produced using a World Energy Council framework, that was developed by the Council and its scenarios partners, Accenture Strategy Energy and the Paul Scherrer Institute. The report is following a medium-term time horizon of 2040 and focuses on European region, which includes EU31, Eastern Europe and Russia. It explores three plausible pathways for a region in Modern Jazz, Unfinished Symphony and Hard Rock futures, provides comparative analysis, and a broader view on 'how to use' the scenarios. The regionally focused scenarios were informed by insights from 15 deep-dive regionally focused leadership interviews, regional workshops in Paris, Berlin and Tallinn, and wide experts' engagements. The European region comprises over 30 national energy systems, including some of the world's largest importer-exporter nations. There is increasing diversity in the overall energy mix, which includes community/ district and industrial heating; centralised and decentralised electricity grids; hydrocarbon molecules; and renewable, hydro and nuclear power generation. Compared with other regions, the European region is also well endowed with both new and ageing national and cross-border energy infrastructures. Whilst the future of energy cannot be predicted with any degree of precision, managing successful energy transitions necessitates a bigger-picture perspective. The exploratory scenarios contained in this report describe three plausible alternative pathways for European regional energy systems. None of the scenarios is the preferred or most likely future. Instead, the set of scenarios can be used by energy leaders to engage constructively with uncertainty and to better prepare for emerging systemic risks and new opportunities. The three scenarios indicate the following as the main challenges facing European energy transition leaders: 1 - European energy systems are already approaching an investment cliff. 2 - New global growth opportunities are emerging in energy, whilst geostrategic competitions are intensifying. 3 - Digital energy competitiveness is key to a next era of regional prosperity. 4 - European shared values imply that there can be no energy transition without social involvement and public acceptance. 5 - New economics of whole system transition are needed that avoid increasing emotional reactions and establish a level playing field in the consideration of alternative net-zero carbon technologies transition pathways. 6 - Developing integrated energy-industrial strategies and promoting sector-coupling policies are pivotal in enabling affordable and deeper decarbonization, in parallel with creating jobs and strengthening regional economic competitiveness. 7 - There is a need to build new capabilities in dynamic resilience and cross-scale governance in order to secure the benefits of global and local flows of clean, reliable and affordable energy for everyone, anytime, anywhere. The main section of the full report presents the three regional storylines to 2040, with supporting comparative analysis of energy sector implications; additional country focused insight; and illustrative, model-based quantification. There is also a section on 'how to use' the scenarios, describing how business leaders and policy makers can effectively use these scenarios to: (1) engage in leadership dialogues; (2) enable integrating policy pathfinding; (3) stress test and translate new energy visions into action; (4) redesign energy businesses
[en] The World Energy Council's definition of energy sustainability is based on three core dimensions: Energy Security, Energy Equity, and Environmental Sustainability of Energy Systems. Balancing these three goals constitutes a 'Trilemma' and balanced systems enable prosperity and competitiveness of individual countries. The World Energy Trilemma Index presents a comparative ranking of 128 countries' energy systems. It provides an assessment of a country's energy system performance, reflecting balance and robustness in the three Trilemma dimensions. To provide greater insight, we have evolved the methodology for the 2019 Trilemma and, for the first time, introduced visualisation of historical trends to enable the Trilemma performance of individual countries to be tracked back two decades to 2000. The new time-series analysis provides insights into a country's historical trends, challenges and opportunities for improvements in meeting energy goals now and in the future. The Index demonstrates the impact of varying policy pathways countries have taken in each of the dimensions over the past 20 years. Looking at these trends can inform a dialogue on national energy policy to promote coherence and integration to enable better calibrated energy systems in the context of the global energy transition challenge. Ten countries achieve the top AAA balance grade in the 2019 World Energy Trilemma Index, representing top quartile performance in every dimension. Since 2000, no countries have consistently improved in each dimension every year; instead most show historical trends with a variety of peaks and troughs in a general upward direction. Overall Trilemma performance for 119 countries over the 20-year period has improved, with only 9 countries seeing their overall performance declining. The rate of improvement in overall Trilemma performance also increases as the transition progresses and encourages countries to improve their energy policies. The overall top three countries across all three Trilemma dimensions are Switzerland, Sweden and Denmark. For the Energy Security dimension, the top performing countries in 2019 are Sweden, Denmark, and Finland. The top of the Energy Equity dimension traditionally ranks well-endowed or well-connected countries and geographically concentrated populations with access to abundant and affordable energy: Luxembourg, Bahrain and Qatar are the top performers in 2019. The leaders of the 2019 ranking for the Environmental Sustainability of Energy Systems are countries making steady gains on the pathway to decarbonization and pollution control, in the context of sustainable economic growth. The top performers in this dimension are also the overall Trilemma leaders - Switzerland, Denmark and Sweden. Across the different regions of the world, pathways through the transition are different, and leading countries in each region represent this diversity. The top 10 2019 Trilemma ranking is dominated by European countries, with Switzerland as the top performer in Europe both due to robust baseline systems and coherent policies improving upon these. Uruguay ranks highest of all Latin American and Caribbean countries, with high scores in the Security and Sustainability dimensions. In the Middle East and Gulf region, Israel ranks highest due to its performance in Sustainability compared to the regional average. New Zealand, with a placing in the global top 10, heads up the Asia-Pacific region with an AAA grade. Mauritius is ahead of other countries in Africa, balancing both Equity and Sustainability performance. Canada represents the best overall performance in the North American region due to strong Energy Security and a commitment to balanced and integrated energy policy