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[en] “Green Square” Project: Main Findings: • Experts pointed to increasing of the capacity of all generating types, which ultimately will lead to the changes in the countries and territories’ energy matrix; • The hypothesis of saturation of energy demand during the transition to post-industrial economic development has been confirmed. Saturation of energy demand creates opportunities for a wide scale utilization of innovative ecological methods of climate stabilization and environmental restoration; • The development of other types of emission-free energy sources and the provision of reliable and continuous supply of energy of standard quality will require radical changes in the existing infrastructure of energy distribution and consumption; • In terms of transition to carbon-free energy sources in the regions, students of the Russian Universities observed different perspectives; • Majority of the population realizes the harm produced by the sources of electrical power based on the hydrocarbon combustion and wants to have renewable sources of energy in their localities; • Sociological studies conducted as a part of the project identified a lack of students’ knowledge of nuclear energy and showed need of information and education courses.
[en] The ability to build a dialogue with stakeholders in a way that broad and ambitious goals and objectives are perceived positively by the key stakeholders, mainly by public, is becoming an indicator of the professionalism – the competence of a business company. This is particularly relevant in the case of enterprise activities which impact the environment and implement knowledge-based, skill and technology intensive programs. There is a case of creation and functioning of the ROSATOM Public Council to provide informal approach for organizing discussion between the Corporation and the public. In 2017 -2018 the ROSATOM Public Council initiated project “Green square” on forming public expert environmental community in the regions where major facilities of the ROSATOM are located. Main topics for discussions were the following: Value of nuclear energy for overcoming ecological limitations of economic development and legislative aspects of nuclear energy development/ Potential of the development of the renewable sources of energy in the nuclear regions/ Environmental education projects to promote the subject of carbon-free energy (interactive educational games, quests, internet platforms, multimedia technologies) / Role of regional experts in their work with the media/ Public Perception study on nuclear and renewable energy and the concept of “Green square”. Creating the possibilities for the formation and self-development of concerned and skilled citizens, the ROSATOM Public Council facilitates building the qualified public dialogue on aspects of the development of nuclear technologies including their role in solving the problem of climate change. (author)
[en] Low-frequency Raman and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) investigations were carried out during a structural transformation of supercooled liquid salol (phenyl salicylate) in a wide temperature range. DSC experiments indicate that in the supercooled liquid salol at temperature ∼ 40 K above the glass transition temperature metastable nuclei start to form. During subsequent cooling the nuclei become an important element of the glass structure, and thereby are considered as a measure of the intermediate range order in this glass. It was shown that the crystalline structure of the metastable nuclei differ from that of the stable nuclei. Low-frequency Raman spectra of the glassy salol show a broad band in the spectral range from 14.5 to 17.2 cm-1; the so called 'Boson peak', which can be interpreted in terms of its relationship to the formation of structured clusters, with typical sizes in the nanometer range (critical radii).
[en] We report for the first time the formation of a new phase in a supercooled liquid molecular compound 2-biphenylmethanol by differential scanning calorimetry and x-ray diffraction measurements. It is found that at a crossover temperature Tc∼1.2 Tg within a supercooled liquid metastable clusters (nuclei) start to appear where molecules are arranged in a different way than the stable phase. The development of the metastable nuclei into clusters of macroscopic size occurs at room temperature. Full crystallization into the new metastable phase happens after annealing for 10 min at the temperature of crystallization, 308 K. The structure of the new phase, as deduced from x-ray experiments, consists of hydrogen-bonded chains of molecules, contrary to the structure of the stable phase in which the molecules are joined into cyclic tetramers