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[en] The first part of this huge report proposes a synthesis of the assessment of the implementation of the 'energy-climate package'. The authors identify, formulate and briefly discuss ten key points: to move from the notion of national emissions to the notion of carbon print, to promote the emergence of a European energy policy, to let agriculture and transports be the new priority targets, to diversify approaches in order to favour changes in behaviour, to improve citizen information, to support poor households, to stabilize and to simplify measures, to maximize the leverage effect of public investments, to support companies, and to keep up research efforts in order to overcome technical barriers. Then, the first part of the report aims at defining the conditions for a successful energy transition: definition of a new strategy, stronger commitment of citizens in energy transition, promotion of investments needed by energy transition. The second part discusses the challenges for key sectors of energy transition (transports, building, renewable energies), the new challenges for the European Union Emission Trading Scheme, and the evolution towards low carbon behaviours. The appendix (in fact the main part of this document) contains a report by the French Court of Auditors (Cour des Comptes) on the implementation of the 'energy-climate' package. This report addresses the following topics: a European and national policy, present situation, tools and means of the energy-climate package, the energy-climate package and the objectives for 2020, uncertainties and challenges. This report published by the Court of Auditors also proposes several appendices on the following topics: the new international context and Europe (data on Japan, USA and China, Germany, Spain, Italy, UK, Sweden), the implication of the energy-climate package on carbonation (carbon print and carbon tax), implementation of the energy-climate package per sector (transports, housing and office building, industry, agriculture), the European Emission Trading Scheme, the technological challenges, the uncertainty of simulation models, CO2 capture and storage
[en] This report first proposes an assessment of the development of renewable energies in France. It notices that the evolution trajectory is partially satisfying and is within a market submitted to strong turbulences: ambitious and relevant objectives, important delays for some renewable sectors, abundant financing but not for small projects, very unfavourable electricity and carbon prices. It discusses questions related to the reference subsidy and authorisation framework, and outlines priority progress directions (a better control of production, demand and storage, better interconnections between transport and distribution networks, support of innovative technologies, a higher CO_2 price). The second part of this report addresses the specific case of energy efficiency in housing. It outlines the importance of the challenge of renovation of old housing, and gives an overview of the enriched and simplified range of regulatory, professional, support, financial and tax-related tools. It also outlines the necessity to develop innovative financing and to trigger some new dynamics
Decree nr 2019-190 of the 14 March 2019 codifying arrangements applicable to base nuclear installations, to the transport of radioactive substances, and to transparency in the nuclear field. Opinion nr 2018-AV-0308 of the Nuclear Safety Authority of the 21 June 2018 on the decree project related to base nuclear installations and to transparency in the nuclear field
[en] After the text of the decree which mainly introduces modifications in different codes, this document proposes the opinion of the ASN on this decree. This opinion considers, quotes and comments all the decree articles. Thus the following issues are addressed: the right to information and transparency in the nuclear field, the local commissions of information (creation and territorial experience, composition, operation, local commissions with a status of association, national federation of local commissions of information), the High Committee for transparency and information on nuclear safety, the nuclear safety and base nuclear installations (general arrangements related to nuclear safety, the ASN and IRSN with their composition, operation and missions), the base nuclear installations (nomenclature, general arrangements, use of subcontractors, creation, ASN prescriptions, modifications of the authorisation decree for an installation, periodic re-examinations, definitive stoppage and decommissioning, public servitudes, applicable arrangements in case of severe risks, installations located at the vicinity, peculiar categories of installations), financial arrangements related to base nuclear installations, the transport of radioactive substances and pressurized nuclear equipment, controls and sanctions, civil responsibility in the field of nuclear energy.
Decree nr 2018-885 of the 12 October 2018 for application of law nr 2016-113 of the 5 February 2016 bearing application of the additional protocol of the agreement between France, the European Community for Atomic Energy, and the International Atomic Energy Agency related to the application of guarantees in France, signed in Vienna on the 22 September 1998, and related to conditions of agreement of international inspectors performing controls on nuclear materials
[en] This decree notably addresses the regulatory framework and process for the transmission of information and data to the administrative authority, arrangements related to additional accesses (to sites, materials, and so on), and the certification of international inspectors.
[en] Within the context of a review of the French national low-carbon strategy (SNBC), this bill project modifies the objectives of the French energy policy, creates the High Council for climate which replaces the Committee of experts of energy transition with extended prerogatives, defines an arrangement which aims at limiting greenhouse gas emissions by the electric power production sector, simplifies procedures applicable to renewable energy projects, defines new tools to struggle against fraud against energy saving certificates, modifies some aspects related to the general status of independent administrative public authorities, and addresses the calculation of price additions of the mechanism of regulated access to historical nuclear energy.
[en] This decree modifies a previous one (22 June 1984) and authorises the Orano Cycle company to implement several modifications to its installation providing the respect of preliminary and specific agreements by the ASN. Among these modifications, it authorises the exploitation of a new workshop of radioactive wastes processing (TRIDENT) within an existing building. The decree defines thresholds for the uranium 235 content in the whole installation and in TRIDENT, and for the radioactivity level for waste warehousing and for the warehousing of materials other than fuel and moderating elements from nuclear power plants.
[en] This decree notably contains the presentation of the content of a report mentioned in the Code of the Environment which is integrated into the previous decree. This report addresses the assessment of costs associated with the dismantling of base nuclear installations, with the management of spent fuels, the costs of recovery and packaging of old wastes, the cost of long term management of radioactive wastes, and the costs of control of storage installations. It also contains indications on cost evolutions, addresses provisions for expenses, information related to some assets, the operator's situation with respect to some arrangements of the Code of the Environment.