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[en] This report concerns the mechanical response of random glass fiber strand swirl-mat/urethane matrix composite under static and cyclic loads as well as under elevated temperatures and exposure to distilled water. The article presents an extensive amount of experimental data as well as predictions based on a couple damage/viscoelastic constitutive formulation generated to model the specific behavior of the material at hand. Damage evolution relations are derived from an empirical relationship. This work extends previously published results. It is shown that the current model has the capability to predict long-term response on the basis of short-term data and account for time-varying stresses and temperatures
[en] Recently, many bulk metallic glass (BMG) materials with high specific strength, hardness and superior corrosion resistance have been developed and the maximum thickness of some Zr-based BMGs have reached several tenths of millimeters. Nevertheless, homogeneous glassy BMGs are not thick enough to be used for structural applications. In order to extend the engineering applications of BMG materials, BMG welding technologies needed to be developed. Specifically, the welding technologies of dissimilar materials such as BMG materials to crystalline alloys are to be developed. The functional use of the specific properties of each material in dissimilar material combination provides flexible design possibilities for products. In this project electron beam welding is employed to join BMG with BMG of different composition as well as with different crystalline materials (i.e. Hastealoy C-276, Inconel-625 and pure Ti metal). Defects free weld joint was achieved in BMG-BMG welding. Some cracks were produced in melt zone of BMG-Ti and BMG-Hastealoy C-276 welding while at joint they fuse properly with BMG. Inconel-625 could not properly weld with BMG. In all cases, hardness of melt zone was found to be higher than the base metals and the heat affected zone (HAZ). (author)
[en] This report presents data on the creep response of a polymeric composite that is a candidate material for automotive applications. The above data were used to establish the basis for the mechanical characterization of the material's response over a wide range of stresses and temperatures, as well as under cyclic loading and due to exposure to distilled water. A constitutive model based upon fundamental principles of irreversible thermodynamics and continuum mechanics was employed to encompass the above mentioned database and to predict the response under more complex inputs. These latter tests verified the validity of the model
[en] Highlights: • Calculated (J) for nearest neighboring atoms of the (LaMnO3)m/(SrTiO3)n superlattices. • The electronic and magnetic structure changes with the layer thickness. • The magnetic moment of Mn1 (at the interface) reduced as the number of TiO2 layers increases. • In the interfacial layers, Ti4+ ions are converted to Ti3+ ions. -- Abstract: In this study, we survey electronic and magnetic structure of the (LaMnO3)m/(SrTiO3)n superlattices with m = 1, 2, 3 and n = 1, 2, 3, 8 in the density functional calculations framework. We find that the electronic and magnetic structure changes with the thickness of the layer, which is in agreement with experimental results. The leakage of the Mn eg electrons from the LaMnO3 side to the SrTiO3 side show different magnetic structures. This in turn affects the interfacial magnetism via the superexchange interaction
[en] Magnetic structures and Curie temperatures of the (LaMnO_3)_m/(SrTiO_3)_n superlattices (SLm–n) with m=1, 2, 3 and n=1, 2, 3, 8 were investigated, using density functional theory implemented in Quantum-Espresso open source code. By applying on-site coulomb interaction (Hubbard term U) to Ti atoms for all of these superlattices, using Stoner–Wolfarth model, it was found that the magnetic order of interfacial atoms of these superlattices changed to ferromagnetic by implying U=5 eV on Ti atoms. The inclusion of electron–electron correlation with U=5 eV on the Ti atoms for all of the superlattices made the two dimensional electron gas (2DEG) formed at the interfaces, half-metallic. The obtained values of Curie temperature, calculated within mean field approximation with U=5 eV on the Ti atoms, are in good agreement with the experimental results. - Highlights: • Calculated the magnetic structure and Curie temperature of the (LaMnO_3)_m/(SrTiO_3)_n superlattices with m=1, 2, 3 and n=1, 2, 3, 8 by mean field approximation. • By implying U=5 eV on the Ti atoms, the magnetic order of interfacial atoms of these superlattices has changed to ferromagnetic. • The 2DEG formed at the interface half-metallic have made in these superlattices by the inclusion of electron-electron correlation with U=5 eV on the Ti atoms for all of the superlattices.
[en] Nanoparticle TiO2 films were prepared by sol gel process using Ti(OBU)4 as raw material. The particle sizes were determined from XRD and the optical band gaps were obtained from the UV-VIS spectrum. The particle size is a function of calcinating temperature and thickness, increase with temperature and thickness. Activation energy for different samples were obtained from electrical measurements. Energy gap increase with the increase of calcining temperature and increase of the thickness.
[en] The possibility of finding the plasma parameters, like electron temperature and density, by direct measurement is shown. Plasma is produced in a cylindrical chamber with 25 cm diameter and 60 cm length, by electronic gun in argon gas. The plasma produced is very stable. Three processes, namely, Langmuir double probe, radio frequency and plasma wave, can be used to find the plasma parameters. It is shown that the results obtained are in a good agreement with each other
[en] Background: Valproid Acid (VPA) is a broad spectrum antiepileptic drug. Its use during pregnancy has been associated with congenital anomalies and hepatotoxicity. This study was designed to assess the effects of VPA on the gross structure of liver in developing albino rats exposed to the drug during various trimesters of pregnancy. Methods: In this experimental study 40 pregnant rats were divided into 4 equal groups A, B, C and D. Group A received VPA in a dose of 500 mg/Kg/day intraperitonealy (I/P) on days 3, 4 and 5 of gestation. Group B received the drug in a dose of 500 mg/Kg/day I/P on days 8, 9 and 10 of gestation. Group C received VPA in a dose of 500 mg/Kg/day I/P on days 16, 17 and 18 of gestation. Group D received no treatment and was kept as a control group. On day 21, the rats were euthanised by cervical dislocation. The liver of the foetuses were dissected out for the assessment of their gross structure. Results: Foetal liver of the experimental groups showed significant decrease in weight as well as relative tissue weight index (RTWI) as compared to the control group, although the gross appearance of the foetal liver was normal in all the groups. Conclusion: The use of VPA during various trimesters of pregnancy produces hepatotoxicity in the developing rats. So, the use of this drug during pregnancy should be carefully decided. (author)
[en] The structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of VSb in zincblende, and NiAs phases, VSb (001) film surfaces and its interfaces with GaSb (001) have been investigated within the framework of the density functional theory using the FPLAPW+lo approach. The NiAs structure is more stable than the ZB phase, ZB VSb is found to a half-metallic ferromagnetic. The V-terminated surfaces retain the half-metallic character, while the half-metallicity is destroyed for Sb-terminated surfaces due to surface states, which originate from p electrons. The phase diagram obtained through the ab-initio atomistic thermodynamics shows that the formation energy of ZB VSb is about 0.1 Ryd. The half-metallicity character is also preserved at VSb/GaSb (001) interface. The conduction band minimum (CBM) of VSb in the minority spin case lies about 0.47 eV above that of GaSb, suggesting that the majority spin can be injected into GaSb without being flipped to the conduction bands of the minority spin. (condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties)