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[en] Polycrystalline samples of (Zn, Co) co-doped SnO_2 nanoparticles were prepared using a co-precipitation method. The influence of (Zn, Co) co-doping on electrical, dielectric, and magnetic properties was studied. All of the (Zn, Co) co-doped SnO_2 powder samples have the same tetragonal structure of SnO_2. A decrease in the dielectric constant was observed with the increase of Co doping concentration. It was found that the dielectric constant and dielectric loss values decrease, while AC electrical conductivity increases with doping concentration and frequency. Magnetization measurements revealed that the Co doping SnO_2 samples exhibits room temperature ferromagnetism. Our results illustrate that (Zn, Co) co-doped SnO_2 nanoparticles have an excellent dielectric, magnetic properties, and high electrical conductivity than those reported previously, indicating that these (Zn, Co) co-doped SnO_2 materials can be used in the field of the ultrahigh dielectric material, high frequency device, and spintronics. (paper)
[en] Groups of Mo/SiO2 multilayered films were fabricated by magnetron sputtering. The dependence of interfacial roughness and interfacial roughness correlation on layer thickness and on the number of periods was investigated by means of low-angle X-ray diffraction. The average interfacial roughness is obtained from conventional scans. The results show that very good composition modulation structure formed, and no diffusion of Si or/and O into Mo layer has occurred. 12 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs
[en] Graphical abstract: The images of Al coating adhesion testes for (a) untreated and (b) roll-to-roll DBD plasma treated PE. - Highlights: • Over three-months ageing a high surface energy was still existed in roll-to-roll DBD plasma-treated PE surface. • The adhesion and barrier property of Al-coated PE web were greatly improved. • The mechanism of plasma grafting to improve the properties of Al-coated PE web was found. - Abstract: In this paper the roll-to-roll atmospheric dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) was used to pre-treat polyethylene (PE) web surface before the conventional thermal evaporation aluminum (Al) was performed as a barrier layer. We emphasized the plasma environment effect based on the inlet three kinds of reactive monomers. The cross hatch test was employed to assess the Al coating adhesion; and the oxygen transmission rate (OTR) was used to evaluate gas barrier property. The results showed that after roll-to-roll DBD plasma treatment all Al coatings adhered strongly on PE films and were free from pinhole defects with mirror morphology. The OTR was reduced from 2673 cm"3/m"2 day for Al-coated original PE to 138 cm"3/m"2 day for Al-coated allyamine (C_3H_7N) modified PE. To well understand the mechanism the chemical compositions of the untreated and DBD plasma pretreated PE films were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The surface topography was characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM). For the property of surface energy the water contact angle measurement was also carried out in the DBD plasma treated samples with deionized water.
[en] Objective: To explore the correlation of the operation effects of the miorovascular decompression (MVD) and the findings on magnetic resonance tomographie angiography (MRTA) in patients of neurovascular compression of the cranial nerves. Methods: Two hundred and twenty three patients treated with the microvascular decompression were analyzed retrospectively. They were grouped and graded according to the vessel compression on the cranial nerves. The compression were grouped as none, moderate and severe, and the operation effects were graded as I (complete relief), II (partial relief) and III ( no relief). The operation effects grades were correlated according to the compression groups by Kruskal-Wallis test and the operation effects between each two of the groups were compared using Nemenyi test. P<0.05 was defined as statistic significant. Results: Of the 53 cases of non-compression group, 31 cases were graded as I, 13 eases were graded as II and 9 cases were graded as III, according to the operation-effects of the decompression. Of the 110 cases of moderate group, 95 cases were grade as I, 11 cases were graded as II and 4 cases were graded as III. Of the 60 cases of severe group, 48 cases were graded as I, 7 cases were graded as II and 5 cases were graded as III. There were statistic significance among the three groups, where χ2=16.84 and P<0.05. The mean rank of the non-compression, the moderate and the severe group was 134.21,102.37 and 110.4, respectively. The difference of the mean ranks between the non-compression group and the moderate group was 31.84, and between the non-compression and the severe group was 24.17, respectively, where P<0.05 both. Conclusions: There was close relationship between the findings on magnetic resonance tomographic angiography and the operation effects of the MVD. The operation effects of patients with moderate and severe vessel compression were much better than the non-compression group. MRTA is helpful for MVD surgical indication and its prognosis. (authors)
[en] Iron-chalcogenide compounds with FeSe(Te, S) layers did not attract much attention until the discovery of high-Tc superconductivity (SC) in the iron-pnictide compounds at the begining of 2008. Compared with FeAs-based superconductors, iron-chalcogenide superconductors have aroused enormous enthusiasm to study the relationship between SC and magnetisms with several distinct features, such as different antiferromagnetic ground states with relatively large moments in the parents, indicating possibly different superconducting mechanisms, the existence of the excess Fe atoms or Fe vacancies in the crystal lattice. Another reason is that the large single crystals are easily grown for the iron-chalcogenide compounds. This review will focus on our exploration for the iron-chalcogenide superconductors and discussion on several issues, including the crystal structure, magnetic properties, superconductivity, and phase separation. Some of them reach a consensus but some important questions still remain to be answered. (topical review - iron-based high temperature superconductors)
[en] We report a hydrothermal method that directly reduces graphene oxide (GO) into graphene nanosheets (GNs) with different sizes. In the presence of NaOH and hydrazine, the hydrothermal reaction at 80 °C resulted in the formation of GNs with a lateral size of ∼1 μm but the size of GNs decreased to ∼300 and ∼100 nm upon increasing the reaction temperature to 150 and 200 °C, respectively. The morphology of the resulting GNs was observed by atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The thickness of GNs is basically <3 nm, indicates the GNs stack together in a few-layer manner. XRD, XPS, FTIR, and Raman spectroscopy were used to characterize the structural changes before and after reduction. The results suggested that the defect stability in GO and reduced GNs could be responsible for the temperature dependence of the size of reduced GNs.Graphical AbstractA hydrothermal method is proposed to simultaneously reduce and cut graphene oxide into graphene sheets with different sizes in a controlled manner, in which the reaction temperature as a critical parameter is used to control the size of resulting graphene sheets.
[en] By introducing the coordination function f, the generalized Mei conserved quantities for the nonholonomic systems in terms of quasi-coordinates are given. Then based on the concept of adiabatic invariant, the perturbation to Mei symmetry and the generalized Mei adiabatic invariants for nonholonomic systems in terms of quasi-coordinates are studied. (general)
[en] This paper studies the new type of conserved quantity which is directly induced by Mei symmetry of nonholonomic systems in terms of quasi-coordinates. A coordination function is introduced, and the conditions for the existence of the new conserved quantities as well as their forms are proposed. Some special cases are given to illustrate the generalized significance of the new type conserved quantity. Finally, an illustrated example is given to show the application of the nonholonomic system's results. (general)