Results 1 - 10 of 14
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[en] In order to assess the lethal efficiency and other biological effects of inner shell ionisations of constituent atoms of DNA ('K' events), experiments were developed at the LURE synchrotron facility using ultrasoft X rays as a probe of K events. The lethal efficiency of ultrasoft X rays above the carbon K threshold was especially investigated using V79 cells and compared with their efficiency to induce double strand breaks in dry plasmid-DNA. A correlation between the K event efficiencies for these processes is shown. Beams of 340 eV were found to be twice as efficient at killing cells than were beams at 250 eV. In addition, a rough two-fold increase of the relative biological effectiveness for dicentric+ring induction has also been observed between 250 and 340 eV radiations. (author)
[en] In order to investigate the molecular consequences of a carbon K photo-ionization located on DNA, dry pBS plasmid samples were irradiated with ultra-soft X-rays at energies below and above the carbon K-threshold (Ek=278 eV). Single- and double-strand breaks (ssb and dsb) were quantified after resolution of the three plasmid forms (supercoiled, relaxed circular, linear) by gel electrophoresis. A factor of 1.2 was found between the doses required at 250 eV and 380 eV to induce the same number of dsb per plasmid. (authors)
[en] Among the 40 beamlines in operation at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, three beamlines are fully dedicated to X-ray microscopy and micro-spectroscopy techniques in the multi-keV range. Offering a unique combination of non destructive analytical techniques which aim to satisfy the growing demand from experimental research fields such as medicine, geology, archaeology, earth, planetary and environmental sciences. Following a brief discussion on the strengths and weaknesses of X-ray microscopy and spectro-microscopy techniques in the 1-20keV range, characteristics of the beamlines are briefly described. Examples of applications are given in the reference list
[en] Initial steps of radiation action mechanism on biological targets are still unknown. The strong correlation observed between inactivation cross sections by heavy ions and K-vacancy production cross sections has drawn the attention on this process. Although quite minor in the energy deposition of these particles, the K-ionization process gives rise to quite efficient ionization clusters. Values of K-ionization biological effectivenesses extracted from measured relative biological efficiencies of ultra soft X-rays support the idea of a major -may be a dominant- contribution of the K-vacancy process to the biological effect of heavy ions. (authors)
[en] The ID21 Scanning X-ray Microscope (SXM) is optimized for micro-spectroscopy with submicron resolution in the 2 to 9.5 keV energy range. After a brief description of the microscope setup, we present here recent developments, in particular, the latest version of the compact Wavelength Dispersive Spectrometer and the refurbished cryo-stage.
[en] First biological models of radiation action were based on the average enerey deposited in the cell nucleus. Later theories have stressed the importance of the energy deposition at the nanometer level. Clusters of ionizations generated by K-electron removal seem to be a highly efficient mechanism for the induction of cell inactivation by heavy ions. Calculations and experimental results reported here support this hypothesis. (orig.)
[en] X-ray fluorescence (XRF) microscopy features unique capabilities which make it well suited for biological investigations. Its high sensitivity together with high spatial resolution and penetration depth provide a unique tool for trace elements analysis in heterogeneous samples. Like most of the X-ray based techniques, radiation damage sets hard limits on the ultimate performance. Although the interactions between matter and photons are well described from a physics point-of-view, there is a lack of experimental data, in particular for XRF imaging mode. In this context, this work proposes a practical approach in addressing the limits set by radiation damage to X-ray fluorescence imaging in the case of hydrated and unfixed cells at room temperature. We find that the maximum dose tolerated by ascidian blood cells is 105 Gy. A simple theoretical model allowed the minimal doses required for a good image contrast to be determined for various experimental schemes. The results are consistent with the experimental observation on ascidian blood cells which exemplifies the peculiar case of highly concentrated samples (>10,000 ppm) at room temperature. The same simple model predicts that in the case of the detection of high Z trace elements in cryo-preserved cells, the relative detection limit set by radiation damage is below 0.1 ppm at a spatial resolution of 100 nm.
[en] A new X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) full-field imaging station has been developed, installed and tested on beamline ID21 at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF). The set-up operates in the 2-9 keV energy range and allows for the simultaneous acquisition of up to 4.106 XANES spectra over large sample areas with preserved sub-micron spatial resolution. The versatile set-up is compatible with various types of cameras and magnifying objectives. It accommodates spatial resolutions ranging from 0.3 μm to 1.4 μm and fields of view from 600 μm up to 2 mm. The range of potential applications is broad: from geology, cultural heritage, environmental sciences to medicine.
[en] X-ray microscopy microscope installed at the beam line ID21 at European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) was used for the elucidation of micro-distribution of vanadium in ascidians. In order to examine chemical states of vanadium in the alive blood cell, a high pressure cryo-fixation technique was applied to fix its chemical states of vanadium. We have succeeded in observing uniform distribution of vanadium in the vacuole, in identifying the valency of vanadium in the cell, and more importantly in finding granules rich in vanadium of the 4th valency