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[en] The energy saving certificates (CEE) is a regulatory system obliging the energy suppliers to perform energy saving through various actions for the benefit of consumers. For communities and companies, this mechanism is an additional financial lever for their energy conservation projects. Because of this measure, energy suppliers are likely to financially support project owners. The aim of these two guidebooks is to present the energy saving certificates principles and to provide communities and companies with practical elements allowing them to integrate energy saving certificates into their energy control projects.
[en] The contributions of this conference first proposed an overview of the status and perspectives of the solar thermal energy sector with a presentation of the present situation and perspectives for the French market, and an overview of situations and initiatives in neighbouring European countries. A second session addressed the possible new economical and marketing models able to face challenges of solar thermal energy in 2018 with focuses on heat kWh purchase, on supply portage through a global operator contract (design-realisation-exploitation-maintenance contracts or CREM contracts, energy performance contracts or CPE), and on issues related to building renovation (solar-gas synergy) and to new buildings (regulatory evolution, E+C label). The third session proposed examples of local good practices: development of solar thermal networks in Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes with the development of these networks and a support to commissioners, ADEME's support with patrimony-rehabilitation contracts, and the solar policy implemented by the Brest metropole. A technological focus was then proposed. It addressed communications about the SOCOL approach, concentration-based solar technology (technology, applications, realisations), and solar heating (assets in new and renovated buildings). Before a synthesis, two interventions addressed the production of solar electron and calories, and works performed on the increase of the solar coverage rate
[en] In order to improve the energy efficiency of farms, the general objective of this study aims at analysing energy solutions in the different agricultural sectors, and at proposing new recommendations. In a first part, the evolution of energy consumption in agriculture by technical-economical orientations of farms is studied to identify the weight of each energy type used in each sector as well as specific usages with respect of economic burdens, and also to compare energy efficiency with respect to production systems and practices. Then, the authors give a list a technological and organisational solutions in each sector to improve energy consumptions. They propose a prospective analysis of potential energy savings in agriculture, and quantify potential sources of certificates of energy savings (CEEs) by 2020, 2030, 2035 and 2050. Several recommendations are then stated.