Results 1 - 2 of 2
Results 1 - 2 of 2. Search took: 0.013 seconds
|Sort by: date | relevance|
[en] Highlights: • Importance of mixing intensity for aqueous LiFePO4 cathode slurries is demonstrated. • Fe3+ rich layer formation on intensively mixed LiFePO4 electrode surface is detected. • C/LiFePO4 pouch cells with aqueous processed electrodes show outstanding cyclability. • Aqueous cathode slurry processing is viable approach toward cheaper and greener LIBs. - Abstract: The positive electrodes based on nano- and micrometric carbon coated LiFePO4 (LFP) powders are prepared via aqueous slurry processing using “normal” and “intensive” mixing procedures. The XRD, XPS, and electrochemical characterization reveal that the “intensive” mixing process improves the discharge C-rate capability of the n-LFP cathode however provokes formation of an undesirable thin surface layer enriched by Fe3+ species. The waterborne graphite anodes and LiFePO4 cathodes for the energy and power cells are being developed, upscaled and manufactured on a pilot plant. Energy LiFePO4/C pouch cells demonstrate outstanding durability maintaining 80% of initial discharge capacity (IDC) after 7450 and 2400 full cycles under 1D and 4D discharge currents, respectively. Moreover, further cycling of the energy cell working under 1C/4D protocol reveals its extra-long secondary life (70% of IDC on 9200th cycle). Power LiFePO4/C pouch cell shows long lasting cycle life retaining 80% of IDC after 3350 cycles under harsh cycling conditions (3C/8D). The reported results are being achieved despite confirmed water release from lithium iron phosphate cathodes to the electrolyte. Finally, viability of aqueous processing of the electrodes without sacrificing electrochemical performance of LiFePO4/C batteries is clearly proven.
[en] The effect of the organic solvent polarity on the properties of unsupported PtRu catalyst inks and on the performance of the catalyst layers prepared with them for the methanol electrooxidation, has been studied. The light scattering results indicate that the PtRu-Nafion"® aggregates in the inks prepared with n-butyl acetate (NBA) are larger than those prepared with 2-propanol (IPA). The lower polarity of the former favours the aggregation of Nafion"® and nanoparticles. The electron microscopy images and porosimetry measurements of the catalyst layers show that the secondary pore volume between the agglomerates is larger for NBA. The linear sweep voltammetry and eis results for the methanol electrooxidation in the three-electrode cell denote the higher active surface area for NBA and comparable specific oxidation rates of the intermediates in both catalysts layers. The current densities for PtRu anode catalyst layers in single DMFC are higher when the solvent is NBA, the mass transport limitations being much more apparent with IPA. The adapted transmission line equivalent circuit to interpret the impedance results in single DMFC indicates that the proton resistance for NBA is significantly lower than for IPA, thus suggesting that the greater number of accessible active sites for methanol oxidation in the former are well connected to the Nafion"® ionomers and easier transported to the membrane.