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[en] This publication is the eleventh supplement to, and revision of, ANL-7411. It contains additional abstracts and revisions to some earlier abstracts and other pages. Sections of the complete document ANL-7411 are as follows: preface, history and acknowledgements, abstract format, recommended program package contents, program classification guide and thesaurus, and the abstract collection
[en] Development of a semi-automated oil spill detection software toolkit that allows a user to process a large number of images using several different detection algorithms was discussed. Results of tests of the detection algorithms with several SIR-C and a few RADARSAT scenes, are given. It is also possible to gather various types of statistics, including aerial coverage of oil slicks, mean, variance, standard deviation, skew, kurtosis (the extent to which the frequency distribution is concentrated about the mean), second and fourth moment, and median, minimum and maximum digital number. It is also possible to plot scatter plots of one statistic versus another to facilitate characterization of oil spills for a given sensor or data product
[en] The nuclear generation station CRO is one of the main contributors to plant performance and safety. In the past, studies of operator behaviour have been made under emergency or abnormal situations, with little consideration being given to the more routine aspects of plant operation. One of the tasks of the operator is to detect the early signs of a problem, and to take steps to prevent a transition to an abnormal plant state. In order to do this CRO must determine that plant indications are no longer in the normal range, and take action to prevent a further move away from normal. This task is made more difficult by the extreme complexity of the control room, and by the may hindrances that the operator must face. It would therefore be of great benefit to understand CRO cognitive performance, especially under normal operating conditions. Through research carried out at several Canadian nuclear facilities we were able to develop a deeper understanding of CRO monitoring of highly automated systems during normal operations, and specifically to investigate the contributions of cognitive skills to monitoring performance. The consultants were asked to develop a deeper understanding of CRO monitoring during normal operations, and specifically to investigate the contributions of cognitive skills to monitoring performance. The overall objective of this research was to develop and validate a model of CRO monitoring. The findings of this research have practical implications for systems integration, training, and interface design. The result of this work was a model of operator monitoring activities. (author)
[en] Accelerated molecular dynamics (aMD) is an enhanced sampling method that improves the conformational space sampling by reducing energy barriers separating different states of a system. Here, we present the implementation of aMD in the parallel simulation program NAMD. We show that aMD simulations performed with NAMD have only a small overhead compared with classical MD simulations. Through example applications to the alanine dipeptide, we discuss the choice of acceleration parameters, the interpretation of aMD results, as well as the advantages and limitations of the aMD method.
[en] Full text: The codling moth (CM), Cydia pomonella (L.), is the key pest in pome fruit orchards in South Africa. Approximately 50 % of the pome fruit production area in this country is under a combination of mating disruption and insecticides. Despite the increased use of mating disruption, this technology is not employed in a true area-wide fashion and results have been variable. Consequently producers still rely almost exclusively on an organophosphate programme to control CM. The negative impact of insecticides on the environment coupled with increasing global incidence of CM resistance has necessitated the development of more environmentally friendly products and sustainable control technologies against this pest. The Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) has been successfully applied against CM in British Columbia since 1992. The mass-rearing facility located in Osoyoos, BC produces between 14-16 million moths per week. Due to the seasonality of this pest, the facility in Canada is only fully utilised for part of the year. The time and expense of implementing SIT against CM in South Africa would be substantially reduced if CM produced in Canada were found to be fully compatible with South African CM. In addition, because the pome fruit-growing season in both countries is opposite, the programme in Canada would benefit by maintaining CM production year-round and selling the CM to South Africa to use in SIT. Studies were conducted in small cages in the laboratory and in an unsprayed apple orchard in October 2003 to examine the mating compatibility of CM from Canada and South Africa. In addition during 2004, four shipments of CM adults and pupae were made through normal airfreighting services and insects were assessed for their longevity and mating ability upon their arrival in South Africa. The results from the small cage study suggest that Canadian CM males were equally attracted to calling Canadian and South African CM females despite the fact that Canadian CM had had a transport time (from Canada to South Africa) of 48 hrs and were between 1-2 days of age at the time of transport. Furthermore, transport time did not appear to affect the mating performance of the moths. Our data also suggests that at lower field temperatures Canadian CM females and males were more active than the South African moths. Results from the release-recapture field trials indicate that Canadian and South African CM males were equally attracted to Canadian and South African females. Transport time did not affect the flight performance of the moths. The effect of airfreighting CM adults and pupae at temperatures below 3 deg. C did not appear to affect the longevity, mating or pupal emergence. These results suggest that CM from Canada and South Africa are fully compatible and indicate that Canadian CM can be used for SIT studies in South Africa. As these studies were conducted with CM from two very different climatic and time zones, it is probable that populations of CM in other pome fruit production areas will also be compatible with the Canadian CM. (author)