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[en] We have investigated the two dimensional electron gas at the interface of band gap insulator SrTiO_3 and mott insulator LaVO_3 in comparison to the well-known, purely band insulating LaAlO_3/SrTiO_3 system. Thin films of LaVO_3 were grown epitaxially on TiO_2 terminated SrTiO_3 single crystal substrates using RHEED-monitored pulsed laser deposition. Optimal process parameters for layer-by-layer growth were found resulting in the growth of atomically smooth films of well-defined thickness. Electrical transport measurements revealed an insulator-metal transition at a film thickness of six unit cells, which is different to previously reported values. Conducting samples showed metallic behavior in a wide temperature range, with their conductivity showing little to no dependence on layer thickness. This led to the conclusion of the metallic behavior being a merely interface driven effect.
[en] The Kitaev-Heisenberg model is source of a topological quantum spin liquid with Majorana fermions and gauge flux excitations as fractional quasiparticles. The material -RuCl is composed of weakly van der Waals bound honeycomb layers of edge sharing RuCl octahedra which has recently emerged as a prime candidate for realising such physics. We studied -RuCl by means of thermal transport measurements, a valuable tool to probe elementary excitations of systems with low dimensional spin structure. While the in-plane, longitudinal heat transport is governed by heat conduction of phonons that strongly scatter off the magnetic excitations present in the system, studying the thermal Hall effect (Rhighi-Leduc effect) opens up a new path towards detecting a direct contribution of unconventional magnetic excitations to entropy transport. We have observed a sizeable transversal heat conductivity , the agreement of which with the theoretical predictions for the pure Kitaev model being suggestive of heat transport by fractionalised quasiparticles in -RuCl.