Results 1 - 10 of 17
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[en] In the nuclear industry, wall thinning defect of straight pipe occur the enormous loss in life evaluation and safety evaluation. To use non-destructive technique, we measure deformation, vibration, defect evaluation. But, this techniques are a weak that is the measurement of the wide area is difficult and the time is caught long. In the secondary side of nuclear power plants mostly used steel pipe, artificiality wall thinning defect make in the side and different thickness make to the each other, wall thinning defect part of deformation measure by using shearography. In addition, optical measurement through deformation, vibration, defect evaluation evaluate pipe and thickness defects of pressure vessel is to evaluate quantitatively. By shearography interferometry to measure the pipe's internal wall thinning defect and the variation of pressure use the proposed technique, the quantitative defect is to evaluate the thickness of the surplus. The amount of deformation use thickness of surplus prediction of the actual thickness defect and approximately 7 percent error by ensure reliability. According to pressure the amount of deformation and the thickness of the surplus through DB construction, nuclear power plant pipe use wall thinning part soundness evaluation. In this study, pressure vessel of thickness defect measure proposed nuclear pipe of wall thinning defect prediction and integrity assessment technology development. As a basic research defected theory and experiment, pressure vessel of advanced stability and soundness and maintainability is expected to contribute foundation establishment
[en] In this study, shearography and ESPI have been used for quantitative analysis of an inside crack of pipeline and both of them appeared suitable to qualitatively detect inside crack. However, shearography needs several effective factors including the amount of shearing, shearing direction and induced load for the quantitative evaluation of the inside crack. In this study, the factors were optimized for the quantitative analysis and the site of cracks has been determined. Although the effective factors in shearography has been optimized, it is difficult to determine the factors exactly because they are related to the details of tracks. On the other hand, ESPI is independent on the details of a crack and only the induced load plays an important role. The out-of-plane displacement was measured under the optimized load and the measured were numerically differentiated, which resulted in an equivalent to the shearogram. The size of cracks can be determined quantitatively without any detail of a crack
[en] The purpose of this paper is to decide volume of crack by AE source wave analysis. The material studied in this paper was Titanium Alloy. Transient wave memory has 50 nano sampling time. The response function of specimens and transducer was obtained experimentally by use of specimens and transducer was obtained experimentally by use of breaking pencil lead as a reference simulated AE source, and the source waves were determined in terms of energy release-time functions explicitly through a time domain deconvolution. From experimental results, we can determine size of cracked volume
[en] The size and distribution of welding residual stress and welding deformation in welding structures have an effect on various sorts of damage like brittle failure, fatigue failure and stress corrosion cracking. So, research for this problem is necessary continuously. In this study, non-destructive technique using laser electronic speckle pattern interferometry, plate of welding specimen according to the external load on the entire behavior of residual stress are presented measurement techniques. Once, welding specimen force tensile loading, using electronic speckle pattern interferometry is measured. Welding specimen of base metal and weld zone measure strain from measured result, this using measure elastic modulus. In this study, electronic speckle pattern interferometry use weld zone and base metal parts of the strain differences using were presented in residual stress calculated value, This residual stress value were calculated by numerical calculation. Consequently, weld zone of modulus high approximately 3.7 fold beside base metal and this measured approximately 8.46 MPa
[en] This perform research of angle rated defect detection conditions and nuclear power plant piping defect detection by lock-In infrared thermography technique. Defects were processed according to change for wall-thinning length, Circumference orientation angle and wall-thinning depth. In the used equipment IR camera and two halogen lamps, whose full power captaincy is 1 kW, halogen lamps and target pipe's distance fixed 2 m. To analysis of the experimental results ensure for the temperature distribution data, by this data measure for defect length. Reliability of lock-In infrared thermography data is higher than Infrared thermography data. This through research, Shape of angle rated defect is identified industry place. It help various angles defect detection in the nuclear power plant in operation.
[en] In recent years, shearogrpahy has significantly improved capabilities in the areas of unbond and separation detection in tires. Although shearography has many advantages for qualitative evaluation, the technique remains the problem of quantitative analysis of inside defects, because shearography needs several effective factors including the amount of shearing, shearing direction and induced load, which exist as barrier for the quantitative analysis of inside defects. In this study, the factors were optimized and the size of cracks inside of tire has been quantitatively determined. Since the factors are highly dependent on inspectors skill and also affect the in-situ workability.
[en] Pipelines in power plants, nuclear facilities and chemical industries are often affected by corrosion effects. It is important to inspect the internal defects in pipelines in order to guarantee safe operational condition. We have taken relatively much time, cost and manpower to use conventional NDT methods because these methods are contact measuring methods. In this paper, we used digital shearography, a laser-based optical method which allows full-field measurement of surface displacement derivatives. This method has many advantages in practical use, such as low sensitivity to environmental noise, simple optical configuration and real time measurement. The experiment was performed with pressure vessels which has different internal cracks and detected internal cracks in the pressure vessels at a real time using phase shifting method
[en] Ingestion of radionuclide contaminated food is one of the major concerns in long-term exposure following a nuclear accident. A terrestrial food chain model was developed to evaluate radioactivity in terrestrial food and ingestion doses under the Korean agricultural environment. The influence of the radionuclides released from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident on contamination of agricultural food and livestock produced in Japan and the ingestion doses for people living in Fukushima Prefecture was calculated using the developed model. (author)
[en] In this paper, artificial and real defects(delamination and debond) in composite structures were detected by using ESPI system. Three types of specimens, that is, composite laminates, honeycomb structures, and adhesive joints, were used to study the applicability of ESPI to composite structures. To detect defects in specimens, we selected thermal loading method that can easily induce the surface deformation of specimen. Experimental results show that defects in composite structures could be easily detected by ESPI. Moreover, it shows that ESPI could be usefully applied to the detection of defects in various composite structures
[en] Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry is a common method for measuring out-of-plane displacement and in-plane displacement and applied for vibration analysis and strain/stress analysis. However, ESPI is sensitive to environmental disturbance, which provide the limitation of industrial application. On the other hand, Shearography based on shearing interferometer can directly measure the first derivative of out-of-plane displacement, which is insensitive to vibration disturbance. This paper proposes the out-of-plane displacement extraction technique from results of Shearography by numerical processing and measurement results of ESPI and Shearoraphy are compared quantitatively.