Results 1 - 10 of 19
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[en] In the fields of display, optics, and energy, it is important to improve micropattern-machining technology for achieving small patterns, large surface areas, and low cost. Unlike flat molds, roll molds have the following advantages: they can be manufactured within a short time, larger surface areas can be obtained, and continuous molding can be achieved. In this study, we aim to investigate the causes for errors in the shapes for a micropattern-machining process, and we show that by compensating the dynamic balance of roll molds, the dimensional accuracy of machined parts can be improved. The experimental results show that dynamic-balance compensation for a roll mold reduced the mass unbalance and the vibrations of the roll mold, and as a result, the dimensional accuracy of machined micropatterns has been improved
[en] We know that the quantum system evolves to different physical phenomena according to initial states. However, the situation is very different in the open system. We consider the system and the environment governed by the Markovian process. The density matrix (the reduced density matrix) of the system satisfies the Kossakowski-Lindblad equation. We calculate the expectation value of the z-direction-magnetization in the system for various types of 1) initial states and 2) interactions between the system and the environment. In all the cases, the values of the magnetization approached asymptotically to the same point even though the different initial states and different interaction types between the system and the environment are applied. The paths to asymptotically approach the final values are different according to the initial states and the interactions. These facts show that the physical results of expectation value are independent of the initial states.
[en] The proposed tunable laser exhibits a high degree of frequency selectivity and electrically controlled wide wavelength tunability. Also, we have dynamic analysis of the tunable laser based on laterally coupled semiconductor optical amplifier and laser diode. This structure is simulated by using the coupled mode theory and the modified time-domain transfer matrix method. The simulation result yields a tuning range of 48 nm with a side mode suppression ratio around 35 dB.
[en] We present a set of efficient numerical algorithms to accurately compute the forces on dislocations in free-standing thin films. We first present a spectral method for computing the image stress field of dislocations in an isotropic elastic half space and a free-standing thin film. The traction force on the free surface is decomposed into Fourier modes by a discrete Fourier transform and the resulting image stress field is obtained by superimposing analytic solutions in the Fourier space. Dislocations intersecting free surfaces are discussed, including the use of virtual segments and the associated uniqueness of their solutions. The efficiency of the algorithm is enhanced by incorporating the analytical solutions for straight dislocations intersecting free surfaces. A comprehensive algorithm, including a flow diagram, is formulated and the numerical convergence of these algorithms discussed. As a benchmark, we compute the equilibrium orientation of a threading dislocation in a free-standing thin film. Good agreement is observed between the predictions from the dislocation dynamics model and those from molecular static simulations and the line tension model
[en] Dislocation junctions and jogs in a free-standing FCC thin film have been studied using three-dimensional dislocation dynamics simulations. Due to the unconstrained motion of surface nodes and dislocation annihilation at the free surface, junctions and jogs are unstable except for some uncommon conditions. If the film is thin enough for a significant portion of the dislocation network to be terminated at the free surface, junctions and jogs can exist for only a finite time during deformation. Thus, the creation of junction/jog-related dislocation sources and their performance are more limited as the film thickness decreases. This effect could lead to insufficient dislocation multiplication to balance dislocation annihilation at the free surface
[en] The size-dependent strength of face-centered cubic (fcc) metals, as revealed by uniaxial compression of nanopillars, suggests that plasticity is dislocation source-controlled, with fewer sources in smaller pillars producing a 'smaller is stronger' effect. To further investigate this phenomenon we have studied the effects of prestraining and annealing on the deformation properties of [0 0 1] Au nanopillars. By making pillars from an epitaxial film of [0 0 1] Au on [0 0 1] MgO, using focused ion beam machining, we are able to create both puck-shaped pillars that can be stably prestrained and pillars with a high aspect ratio, which can be tested in uniaxial compression. We find that prestraining dramatically reduces the flow strength of nanopillars while annealing restores the strength to the pristine levels. These unusual effects are not seen in bulk fcc metals, which behave in the opposite way. We discuss their possible causes in terms of dislocation densities using transmission electron microscopy.
[en] The cooling down of cutting temperature in machining is very important for the improvement of tool life, especially when dealing with work materials that have low thermal conductivity such as titanium alloy. In this study designed to investigate the machining performance of a variety of cooling methods, cryogenic, Minimum quantity lubrication (MQL), and flood cooling are performed on solid end milling of titanium alloy, Ti-6Al-4V. In particular, the effect of internal and external spray methods on cryogenic machining is analyzed with a specially designed liquid nitrogen spraying system by evaluating tool wear and cutting force at cutting conditions. The cutting force is also analyzed for tool breakage detection. As a result, the combination of MQL and internal cryogenic cooling improves tool life by up to 32% compared to conventional cooling methods. The cutting force is also reduced significantly by this combination of cooling and lubrication strategy of side end milling.
[en] In this work we describe how to perform dislocation dynamics simulations in a cylindrical geometry. An algorithm for computing the image stress is given in detail including methods for handling the singularity. Additional remesh rules address the problems of the cylindrical geometry and the required self consistency with mobility laws. Numerical studies benchmark the accuracy of the algorithms and the importance of handling the singularity correctly.
[en] Modulus of resilience, the measure of a material’s capacity to store and release elastic strain energy, is critical for realizing advanced mechanical actuation technologies in micro/nanoelectromechanical systems. In general, engineering the modulus of resilience is difficult because it requires asymmetrically increasing yield strength and Young’s modulus against their mutual scaling behavior. This task becomes further challenging if it needs to be carried out at the nanometer scale. Here, we demonstrate organic–inorganic hybrid composite nanopillars with one of the highest modulus of resilience per density by utilizing vapor-phase aluminum oxide infiltration in lithographically patterned negative photoresist SU-8. In situ nanomechanical measurements reveal a metal-like high yield strength (~500 MPa) with an unusually low, foam-like Young’s modulus (~7 GPa), a unique pairing that yields ultrahigh modulus of resilience, reaching up to ~24 MJ/m3 as well as exceptional modulus of resilience per density of ~13.4 kJ/kg, surpassing those of most engineering materials. The hybrid polymer nanocomposite features lightweight, ultrahigh tunable modulus of resilience and versatile nanoscale lithographic patternability with potential for application as nanomechanical components which require ultrahigh mechanical resilience and strength.
[en] We present a fabrication method for freestanding complex 3D carbon microstructures utilizing a lithogaphy step and a heating step. We developed two fabrication methods for multi-level 3D SU-8 microstructures, which were used as polymer precursors in a carbonization process. In one method, multiple SU-8 layers were successively coated and cross-linked. In the other method, aligned partial exposures were used to control the thickness of the freestanding SU-8 layer. Freestyle, freestanding carbon microstructures were fabricated by heating 3D SU-8 microstructures below 1000 °C in a nitrogen atmosphere. Characterization of the pyrolysis process, through measurements such as dimensional changes, roughness, hardness, elastic modulus and resistivity, was performed for positive resists AZ5214 and AZ9260 as well as SU-8. 3D carbon microstructures fabricated using our methods can be utilized for various applications such as low cost resonating microsensors and microfluidics