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[en] Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Flower-like BiOI hierarchical sphere is obtained in the presence of ethylene glycol. • A template free hydrolysis route is employed at room temperature. • Ethylene glycol plays an important role in assembling BiOI nanoflakes to form spheres. • The BiOI sphere shows high visible-light photocatalytic activity and good stability. - Abstract: Flower-like BiOI hierarchical spheres are prepared at room temperature via a template free route simply by dropping water into ethylene glycol (EG) solution containing reactants based on the hydrolysis and oriented assembly roles of water and EG, respectively. The BiOI samples are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), nitrogen adsorption/desorption, emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectra (UV–Vis DRS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The photocatalytic reaction rate constant of the as-prepared BiOI hierarchical spheres is 15.8, 13.3, and 2.0 times that of BiOI nanoflakes obtained in the absence of EG in degradation of anionic dye (methyl orange), cationic dye (methylene blue), and colorless target pollutant (phenol), respectively, under the visible-light irradiation, which can be attributed to its unique flower-like structure for utilization of light, small crystal size, and large specific surface area
[en] Nano-yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) is a promising material for use in white light-emitting diodes and biological fluorescent probe. However, its existing preparation methods often suffer from low synthesis temperature and particle agglomeration. Therefore, preparing YAG nanoparticles with both high crystallinity and high dispersibility is difficult, which severely limits the applications of nano-YAG phosphor. This work presents a salt microemulsion method that can yield YAG nanoparticles of size 4–6 nm that are dispersed at a high temperature (1000 °C). Transmission electron microscope analysis shows that the precursor particles are dispersed and isolated by nano-sized potassium sulfate particles. Because the melting point of potassium sulfate is high (1067 °C), the precursors and the YAG nanoparticles are always dispersed and isolated by the solid potassium sulfate salt during calcination at high temperatures, resulting in the formation of dispersed YAG nanoparticles with good crystallinity. The reflection spectrum of nano-YAG exhibited a redshift compared to that of bulk YAG. When the Ce content is 0.06, the nano-YAG phosphor exhibited the highest internal photoluminescence quantum yield of 51.2%, and the decrease in the particle size did not increase the quenching concentration. The nano-YAG prepared at a high temperature also exhibited improved optical stability: The luminescence intensity of the nano-YAG decreased by only~ 16% after 48 h of irradiation using blue laser. The obtained 4–6-nm-sized Y3Al5O12:Ce nanophosphors are expected to be ideal materials for novel fluorescent probes and preparation of transparent ceramics.
[en] In this paper, optical spectra of LiYF4 single crystals doped with Tm3+ ions of various concentrations are reported. The emission intensity at 1.8 μm first increases with increasing Tm3+ concentration, and reaches a maximum value when the concentration of Tm3+ is about 1.28 mol%, then it decreases rapidly as the concentration of Tm3+ further increases to 3.49 mol%. The emission lifetime at 1.8 μm also shows a similar tendency to the emission intensity. The maximum lifetime of 1.8 μm is measured to be 17.68 ms for the sample doped with Tm3+ of 1.28 mol%. The emission cross section of 3F4 level is calculated. The maximum reaches 3.76 × 10−21 cm2 at 1909 nm. The cross relaxation (3H6, 3H4 →3F4, 3F4) between Tm3+ ions and the concentration quenching effect are mainly attributed to the change of emission with Tm3+ concentration. The largest quantum efficiency between Tm3+ ions is estimated to be ∼147% from the measured lifetime and calculated radiative lifetime. All the results suggest that the Tm3+/LiYF4 single crystal may have potential applications in 2 μm mid-infrared lasers. (condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties)
[en] Epitope imprinted polymer nanoparticles (EI-NPs) were prepared by one-pot polymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide in the presence of CdTe quantum dots and an epitope (consisting of amino acids 598 to 609) of human serum albumin (HSA). The resulting EI-NPs exhibit specific recognition ability and enable direct fluorescence quantification of HSA based on a fluorescence turn-on mode. The polymer was characterized by FT-IR, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. The linear calibration graph was obtained in the range of 0.25–5 μmol · mL"−"1 with the detection limit of 44.3 nmol · mL"−"1. The EI-NPs were successfully applied to the direct fluorometric quantification of HSA in samples of human serum. Overall, this approach provides a promising tool to design functional fluorescent materials with protein recognition capability and specific applications in proteomics. (author)