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[en] Highlights: • Diffusion of ferrocene in dialkylimidazolium ionic liquids is well described by the Stokes-Einstein equation with slip boundary conditions. • Diffusion is faster in a symmetric than in a non-symmetric IL with same number of alkyl carbons N, with the difference decreasing with increasing N. • The Fc0/+ redox couple is an ideal reference model for voltammetric studies in ILs. - Abstract: The diffusion of ferrocene (Fc) molecules in ionic liquids (ILs) was studied using cyclic voltammetry. The symmetric ILs 1,3-dialkylimidazolium bis[(trifluoromethane)sulfonyl]amide ([(CN/2)2im][NTf2] with N = 4, 6, 8, and 10) and non-symmetric ILs 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis[(trifluoromethane)sulfonyl]amide ([CN−1C1im][NTf2] with N = 3, 4, 6, 8, and 10) were used to examine the effect of the symmetry of alkyl substitution on the cation and the role of alkyl chain length on the diffusion of Fc. The diffusion coefficient D of Fc was determined by applying the Randles-Sevcik equation to the peak current in the cyclic voltammograms. The diffusion coefficient was found to be higher in a symmetric IL than in a non-symmetric IL with the same number of alkyl carbon atoms N, with the difference decreasing with increasing N. The diffusion of Fc in these ILs is well described by the Stokes-Einstein equation with slip boundary conditions, but with an effective hydrodynamic radius of 0.23 ± 0.01 nm, which is less than the 0.27 nm crystallographic radius of Fc, in agreement with previous studies of the diffusion of solutes in ILs that show the hydrodynamic radius to be less than the van der Waals radius of the solute.
[en] Silicon detectors are of interest for the verification of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) due to their enhanced energy resolution compared to plastic scintillators beta cells. Previous work developing a figure-of-merit (FOM) for comparison of beta cells suggests that the minimum detectable activity (MDA) could be reduced by a factor of two to three with the use of silicon detectors. Silicon beta cells have been developed by CEA (France) and Lares Ltd. (Russia), with the PIPSBox developed by CEA being commercially available from Canberra for approximately $35k, but there is still uncertainty about the reproducibility of the capabilities in the field. PNNL is developing a high-resolution beta-gamma detector system in the shallow underground laboratory, which will utilize and characterize the operation of the PIPSBox detector. Throughout this report, we examine the capabilities of the PIPSBox as developed by CEA. The lessons learned through the testing and use of the PIPSBox will allow PNNL to strategically develop a silicon detector optimized to better suit the communities needs in the future.