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[en] Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement is now an established treatment option for chronic mesenteric ischemia and is associated with low mortality and morbidity rates. We present a case of reperfusion hemorrhage complicating endovascular repair of superior mesenteric artery stenosis. Although a recognized complication following repair of carotid stenosis, hemorrhage has not previously been reported following mesenteric endovascular reperfusion. We describe both spontaneous cessation of bleeding and treatment with coil embolization.
[en] We present the final design of the x-ray optics and experimental stations of two macromolecular crystallography (MX) beamlines at the National Synchrotron Light Source-II. The microfocusing FMX beamline will deliver a flux of ∼5×10"1"2 ph/s at 1 Å into a 1 – 20 µm spot, its flux density surpassing current MX beamlines by up to two orders of magnitude. It covers an energy range from 5 – 30 keV. The highly automated AMX beamline is optimized for high throughput, with beam sizes from 4 – 100 µm, an energy range of 5 – 18 keV and a flux at 1 Å of ∼10"1"3 ph/s. A focus in designing the beamlines lay on achieving high beam stability, for example by implementing a horizontal bounce double crystal monochromator at FMX. A combination of compound refractive lenses and bimorph mirror optics at FMX supports rapid beam size changes. Central components of the in-house developed experimental stations are horizontal axis goniometers with a target sphere of confusion of 100 nm, piezo-slits for dynamic beam size changes during diffraction experiments, dedicated secondary goniometers for data collection from specimen in crystallization plates, and next generation pixel array detectors. FMX and AMX will support a broad range of biomedical structure determination methods from serial crystallography on micron-sized crystals, to structure determination of complexes in large unit cells, to rapid sample screening and room temperature data collection of crystals in trays.
[en] The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility has a long standing history in the automation of experiments in Macromolecular Crystallography. MASSIF-1 (Massively Automated Sample Screening and evaluation Integrated Facility), a beamline constructed as part of the ESRF Upgrade Phase I program, has been open to the external user community since July 2014 and offers a unique completely automated data collection service to both academic and industrial structural biologists.
[en] The 1.95 Å resolution X-ray crystal structure of tunicamycin-resistance protein (TmrD) from D. radiodurans is described. The open-reading frame (ORF) DR-1419 in the Deinococcus radiodurans genome is annotated as a representative of the wide family of tunicamycin-resistance proteins as identified in a range of bacterial genomes. The D. radiodurans ORF DR-1419 was cloned and expressed; the protein TmrD was crystallized and its X-ray crystal structure was determined to 1.95 Å resolution. The structure was determined using single-wavelength anomalous diffraction with selenomethionine-derivatized protein. The refined structure is the first to be reported for a member of the tunicamycin-resistance family. It reveals strong structural similarity to the family of nucleoside monophosphate kinases and to the chloramphenicol phosphotransferase of Streptomyces venezuelae, suggesting that the mode of action is possibly by phosphorylation of tunicamycin
[en] The coiled-coil domain of the essential DNA-repair protein RecN from D. radiodurans was crystallized. The crystals belonged to space group P21 and diffracted X-rays to 2.04 Å resolution. Deinococcus radiodurans has developed an efficient mechanism which allows the integrity of its entire genome to be fully restored after exposure to very high doses of ionizing radiation. Homologous recombination plays a crucial role in this process. RecN is a protein that belongs to the SMC-like protein family and is suggested to be involved in DNA repair. RecN is composed of a globular domain and an antiparallel coiled-coil region which connects the N- and C-termini. It has been suggested that dimerization of RecN occurs via the coiled-coil domain, but to date there is no structural or biochemical evidence for this. Here, SAXS studies and preliminary X-ray diffraction data of crystals of the purified coiled-coil domain of RecN are presented. The structure was solved by single-wavelength anomalous dispersion using SeMet derivatives, and preliminary electron-density maps support the rod-like model derived from the SAXS data. Model building and refinement are still ongoing
[en] Beamline ID23-2, the first dedicated and highly automated high-throughput monochromatic macromolecular crystallography microfocus beamline, is described. The first phase of the ESRF beamline ID23 to be constructed was ID23-1, a tunable MAD-capable beamline which opened to users in early 2004. The second phase of the beamline to be constructed is ID23-2, a monochromatic microfocus beamline dedicated to macromolecular crystallography experiments. Beamline ID23-2 makes use of well characterized optical elements: a single-bounce silicon (111) monochromator and two mirrors in Kirkpatrick–Baez geometry to focus the X-ray beam. A major design goal of the ID23-2 beamline is to provide a reliable, easy-to-use and routine microfocus beam. ID23-2 started operation in November 2005, as the first beamline dedicated to microfocus macromolecular crystallography. The beamline has taken the standard automated ESRF macromolecular crystallography environment (both hardware and software), allowing users of ID23-2 to be rapidly familiar with the microfocus environment. This paper describes the beamline design, the special considerations taken into account given the microfocus beam, and summarizes the results of the first years of the beamline operation
[en] The crystal structures of two crystal forms of manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) from the radiation-resistant bacterium D. radiodurans are reported and compared with the crystal structure of Mn-SOD from E. coli. The structure of the manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD; DR1279) from Deinococcus radiodurans has been determined in two different crystal forms. Both crystal forms are monoclinic with space group P21. Form I has unit-cell parameters a = 44.28, b = 83.21, c = 59.52 Å, β = 110.18° and contains a homodimer in the asymmetric unit, with structure refinement (R = 16.8%, Rfree = 23.6%) carried out using data to dmin = 2.2 Å. Form II has unit-cell parameters a = 43.57, b = 87.10, c = 116.42 Å, β = 92.1° and an asymmetric unit containing two Mn-SOD homodimers; structure refinement was effected to a resolution of 2.0 Å (R = 17.2%, Rfree = 22.3%). The resulting structures are compared with that of Mn-SOD from Escherichia coli, with which they are shown to be essentially isostructural
[en] Objective: To determine the utility of CT cholangiography (CT-Ch) in preoperative evaluation of the biliary anatomy of living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) donors when magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is inconclusive. Materials and methods: Over a 2-year period, 22 potential living liver donors underwent contrast-enhanced CT-Ch for preoperative evaluating biliary anatomy due to inconclusive results on MRCP and subsequently donated their right hepatic lobe. Nineteen of them underwent intraoperative cholangiography and were included in this study. Two radiologists retrospectively reviewed both MRCP and CT-Ch with 1-month interval and documented the types of bile duct branching patterns and visualization score of intrahepatic bile ducts (4-point scale). Results: There were no complications associated with CT-Ch examinations. CT-Ch was concordant with the reference standard in 18/19 (95%) including 7/8 typical branching type and 11/11 anomalous branching types. MRCP was concordant with the reference standard in 14/19 (74%) including 4/8 typical branching types and 10/11 anomalous branching types. The discordant case by CT-Ch was the identification of a tiny accessory right intrahepatic duct joining the common bile duct which was not visualized on intraoperative cholangiography. CT-Ch showed higher visualization score (mean, 3.9) than MRCP (mean, 2.6) (P < .001). Conclusion: CT-Ch can be effectively used for the depiction of the branching pattern of the bile duct at the hepatic hilum when MRCP is inconclusive.
[en] The design and first measurements with a high-speed piezo-positioner-based goniometer for raster-scanning serial macromolecular micro-focus crystallography at synchrotron storage rings are presented. The Frontier Microfocus Macromolecular Crystallography (FMX) beamline at the National Synchrotron Light Source II with its 1 µm beam size and photon flux of 3 × 1012 photons s−1 at a photon energy of 12.66 keV has reached unprecedented dose rates for a structural biology beamline. The high dose rate presents a great advantage for serial microcrystallography in cutting measurement time from hours to minutes. To provide the instrumentation basis for such measurements at the full flux of the FMX beamline, a high-speed, high-precision goniometer based on a unique XYZ piezo positioner has been designed and constructed. The piezo-based goniometer is able to achieve sub-100 nm raster-scanning precision at over 10 grid-linepairs s−1 frequency for fly scans of a 200 µm-wide raster. The performance of the scanner in both laboratory and serial crystallography measurements up to the maximum frame rate of 750 Hz of the Eiger 16M’s 4M region-of-interest mode has been verified in this work. This unprecedented experimental speed significantly reduces serial-crystallography data collection time at synchrotrons, allowing utilization of the full brightness of the emerging synchrotron radiation facilities.
[en] The head domain of the DNA-repair protein RecN from D. radiodurans, composed of the amino- and carboxy-terminal domains, was crystallized. X-ray diffraction data were collected to 3.0 Å resolution and the crystals belonged to space group P21. Deinococcus radiodurans is well known for its extreme tolerance to harsh conditions and for its extraordinary ability to repair DNA. Double-strand breaks (DSBs) are the most hazardous lesions that can be induced by ionizing radiation, and homologous recombination (HR) is the principal mechanism by which the integrity of the DNA is restored. In D. radiodurans the RecFOR complex is the main actor in HR and the RecN protein is believed to play an important role in DSB recognition. Here, SAXS and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies are presented of the head domain, which is the globular region formed upon interaction of the N- and C-terminal domains of RecN. The crystal structure of this domain was solved using the single-wavelength anomalous dispersion method. Model building and refinement are in progress