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[en] The publication of the Multi-annual Energy Programming (Programmation Pluriannuelle de l'energie - PPE) on 12 April 2020 confirms the importance of the wind industry, both onshore and offshore, in France's energy transition strategy. The objectives are ambitious, involving the doubling of the installed capacity for onshore wind power by 2028 and launching a call for tenders for offshore wind each year at a rate of around 1 GW per year. The health crisis we have just undergone demonstrates that this is a smart move. The production of renewable electricity remained at very high levels during this period, which was out of the ordinary in more than one respect. For wind power, the average coverage rate was 8.8% during the first semester, and even reached 31% in May. The crisis provided an early demonstration of the capacity of renewable energies to contribute to securing the power supply, in addition to their favourable impact on climate change. We are therefore further fortified in determination to extensively develop renewable energies in order to achieve the ambitious objectives of the multi-annual energy programming. The industry also demonstrates that the energy transition is a source of employment, with an 11% increase in wind jobs in 2019. There are currently 20,000 people working in the industry. It also benefits regional economic development by allowing decentralized power generation close to citizens. Thanks to the provisions in favour of participatory engagement carried by the government, communities and citizens are now more involved in wind projects.
[en] The 21. annual World Energy Markets Observatory (WEMO) reveals a world struggling to balance the desire for continued economic growth with the need to take deliberate and drastic steps against climate change. In 2018, global energy consumption rose 2.3 percent - nearly twice the average rate since 2010 - as driven by a robust worldwide economy. Despite the rapid growth of renewables in some regions, oil, gas and coal accounted for nearly three-quarters of the increase in total energy demand, their highest share in five years. As a result, greenhouse gas emissions climbed 2 percent globally, a significant break from the plateau of 2014 to 2016. While renewables remain the fastest-growing energy source worldwide, investments during the first half of 2019 declined 14 percent compared with the same period in 2018. Population growth, as well as a lack of anticipated technical breakthroughs over the next two decades, further contribute to a bleak medium- and long-term landscape. This year's WEMO report explores these issues in greater detail and presents new ideas for how utilities, policy-makers and private companies can embrace a long-term strategy that balances growth and change - and draws opportunity from crisis.
[en] This WEMO edition reviews an exceptional period with two distinctive phases: - In 2019 worldwide economic slowdown combined with energy transition measures resulted in some improvements regarding climate change objectives. However, the world was not on track to meet the 2015 Paris agreement objectives. - In 2020 our planet suffered from the COVID-19 pandemic and the economic crisis that followed, plunging our world into a long period of uncertainty. This year's World Energy Markets Observatory report explores how the energy sector can balance these competing priorities. Here we present practical ideas for how utilities, policy-makers and private companies can embrace a strategy that builds short-term resiliency while improving long-term sustainability.