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[en] For centuries, problems of socio-economic development of Latin American countries, in particular, the issues of poverty and income inequality have been a central topic in the studies. At the same time, the aspect of regional (sub-national) development of Latin America appears to be quite new and understudied as there is a lack of literature on this topic. Therefore, the aim of this research is to examine the dynamics of regional development from 2000 to 2016 and determine the main factors of regional growth of Latin America. In order to analyze regional development and assess the dynamics, the classification of selected countries’ regions will be conducted. The results of the study have shown that despite the improvements in multiple socio-economic indicators, the problem of regional inequality is still relevant for the countries in the region, including the most developed ones. Moreover, some factors of territorial development were detected and the hypothesis of industrial regional growth was confirmed.
[en] The possibility and expediency of using nuclear rocket motors at the present stage of development of rocketspace technology as part of conventional and advanced space means, including the upper stages of carrier rockets and acceleration blocks, reusable interorbital tugs, and a motor assembly of the piloted Martian expedition complex are discussed. It is shown that because of high cost it is not expedient to use NRM in single-use booster blocks and multi-use tugs for transport operations in near-Earth space, since the specific cost of delivering a useful load into high working orbits increases by a factor of 1.5 or more as compared with transport means based on oxygen-hydrogen rocket motors. At the same time, their use for the Martian expedition complex makes it possible to improve considerably the design characteristics of the complex (starting mass and expedition duration) as compared with non-nuclear motor systems.