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[en] The French wind power sector is committed to the future and now boasts 18,200 jobs and 15.3 GW in service capacity, as at 31 December 2018. First and foremost, it has demonstrated that it is competitive within the electricity generation sector. Wind power is France's largest renewable energy sector and has managed to improve industry performance through technological innovation and an improved integration in its environment, effectively offering consumers a clean, competitive and job-creating source of electrical power. Production costs continue to be reduced, and quality improved, through increased investment and the implementation digitalisation and new technologies. In a society with an ever increasing awareness of the threats posed by global warming, the wind power industry is also a means of taking our environmental responsibilities a step further. Indeed, not only do wind turbines provide intrinsically low-carbon energy, but also achieve carbon neutrality after only six months of operation. In addition, they have upwards of 90% recyclable content. Furthermore, there is a strategic interest in keeping the industry European. While most of the major manufacturers are European firms, the majority of subcontractors supplying these key equipment and turbine manufacturers are French companies, based throughout the country, ensuring a near equilibrium in the French trade balance. Finally, the wind industry represents a pool of diversified jobs, both currently and in the future. In large cities, the wind power sector requires an increasing number of skilled workers in key areas such as project development; across French regions, it calls for engineers in construction and technicians in wind farm operation and maintenance. These jobs are both non-relocatable and long-term, with a twenty to twenty-five year time frame at the very least. Changes in business lines and job types in power distribution networks and transmission grids, will make it possible to further sustain and diversify the jobs of the future (digitalisation, aggregation, etc.). However, industry leading businesses are facing talent shortages and a difficulty in recruiting qualified staff in certain fields, such as maintenance and development. This must be addressed by prompt training programmes to adapt to the new types of jobs that are emerging within the industry. The wind power sector has a bright future and is experiencing dynamic growth, but wind power companies need to be able to invest confidently, within a stable and simplified regulatory framework. An ambitious multi-annual energy programming (PPE), combined with the continued support of national and local elected representatives to further develop wind power, will contribute to the industry gaining a strong foothold throughout the country, providing clean jobs for the future and playing a key role in the energy transition efforts away from fossil fuels, demanded by the younger generation
[en] The 21. annual World Energy Markets Observatory (WEMO) reveals a world struggling to balance the desire for continued economic growth with the need to take deliberate and drastic steps against climate change. In 2018, global energy consumption rose 2.3 percent - nearly twice the average rate since 2010 - as driven by a robust worldwide economy. Despite the rapid growth of renewables in some regions, oil, gas and coal accounted for nearly three-quarters of the increase in total energy demand, their highest share in five years. As a result, greenhouse gas emissions climbed 2 percent globally, a significant break from the plateau of 2014 to 2016. While renewables remain the fastest-growing energy source worldwide, investments during the first half of 2019 declined 14 percent compared with the same period in 2018. Population growth, as well as a lack of anticipated technical breakthroughs over the next two decades, further contribute to a bleak medium- and long-term landscape. This year's WEMO report explores these issues in greater detail and presents new ideas for how utilities, policy-makers and private companies can embrace a long-term strategy that balances growth and change - and draws opportunity from crisis.