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[en] A review of the radionuclides produced in nuclear reactors and their applications as radiotracers in hydrology, agriculture, industry, medicine, the environment and research in general are presented, both in Latin America and those produced in Colombia since 1965 with the Research Nuclear Reactor IAN-R1, so that under that view it is possible to reactivate the production of radionuclides in the country as 198Au, 24Na, 32P and 82Br.
[en] In this paper, the parameters thermal to epithermal neutron flux ratio (f) and thermal neutron flux (θth) are estimated (assuming α = 0) for the periphery irradiation positions (G3-G4) available at Nuclear Research Reactor IAN-R1 that belongs to the Colombian Geological Survey. This estimation was performed by measuring the induced activity, from neutron capture reactions (n, y) in two reference soils, which were irradiated (n = 4) together with Al-Au monitors. Four reference capture reactions were considered in soils, which involve isotopes of elements with certified mass fraction and 1/v behavior for cross section variation in the range of thermal neutron energy. An average value of 33 (CV = 9%) for f was found, considering 8 positions in the irradiation container; this value is comparable with measurements reported for periphery irradiation channels of TRIGA type reactors. The average thermal neutron flux determined for the 8 position of the container resulted in 1,5 *1011 ncm-2 s-1 (CV = 4 %).
[en] The main conclusions of the results achieved by the Activation Analysis Laboratory of the Colombian Geological Survey in the intercomparison exercise are presented in this article. The laboratory is introduced in the global context through a description of both its facilities and the available places for Activation assay, emphasizing the technological and organizational resources, which allowed the actual state of development. The interests of the facility are briefly exposed and are related with the mining exploration needs and also with the investigation of the Colombian subsoil, as could be expected for a National Institute for Science and Technology. Finally the main efforts taken in order to improve the quality of the results are exposed as well as the action plan and the done activities with the purpose of achieve this objective. (author)