Results 1 - 2 of 2
Results 1 - 2 of 2. Search took: 0.016 seconds
|Sort by: date | relevance|
[en] It is universally apparent that environmental and energy transition must evolve in order to meet the needs of a growing world population while still heeding environmental constraints. This change over time will be based on a sustainable energy mix, and consequently the use of renewable energy sources is likely to intensify over the coming decades in respond to rising demand for electricity worldwide. The International Energy Agency (IEA) predicts that 40% of electricity will come from renewable sources by 2050. Some of these renewable forms of energy generate power on an irregular and intermittent basis, and energy storage offers one solution for deploying these intermittent energy sources more widely as part of an efficient smart grid. (authors)
[en] This road-map addresses electric power, heat and cold, hydrogen, natural gas networks and their associated storage means, as well as their couplings to be developed within the frame of energy transition and of associated evolutions regarding energy production modes or usages. It more particularly focuses on electric power networks, R and D activities to be developed, their smartness and flexibility which can be applied to other energy types. More particularly, it identifies technical (network planning and architecture, integration of renewable energies, system exploitation, inter-dependencies between infrastructures, interaction between energy networks, peculiarities of heat and cold networks), regulatory and standard-related, economic, public policy, organisational and societal deadlocks. For each of these deadlocks, R and D needs are identified, and solutions, expected performance, and cost objectives are evoked.