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[en] Highlights: • Wilks’ method for setting tolerance limits is derived and verified. • Higher order Wilks analysis increases the accuracy and precision of the predicted tolerance. • In most practical applications, higher order analysis is unnecessary. • Wilks’ method is applied to the Dittus-Boelter equation. - Abstract: Wilks’ non-parametric method for setting tolerance limits using order statistics has recently become popular in the nuclear industry. The method allows analysts to predict a desired tolerance limit with some confidence that the estimate is conservative. The method is popular because it is simple and fits well into established regulatory frameworks. A critical analysis of the underlying statistics is presented in this work, including a derivation, analytical and statistical verification, and a broad discussion. Possible impacts of the underlying assumptions for application to computational tools are discussed. An in-depth discussion of the order statistic rank used in Wilks’ formula is provided, including when it might be necessary to use a higher rank estimate.
[en] Highlights: • A novel residual-based version of CTF is developed. • The new code models single phase flow in a subchannel formulation. • Code flexibility is demonstrated using simple test problems. • The solid-to-liquid coupling is made implicit to remove numerical limits. - Abstract: The traditional scientific process has been revolutionized by the advent of computational modeling, but the nuclear industry generally uses “legacy codes,” which were developed early in the evolution of computers. One example of a legacy code, the thermal hydraulic subchannel code CTF, is modernized in this work through the development of a novel residual-based version, CTF-R. Unlike its predecessor, CTF-R is not limited by the strict computational limitations of the early 1980’s, and can therefore be designed such that it is inherently flexible and easy to use. A case study is examined to demonstrate how the flexibility of the code can be used to improve simulation results. In this example, the coupling between the solid and liquid fields is examined. Traditionally, this coupling is modeled explicitly, which imposes numerical stability limits on the time step size. These limits are derived and it is shown that they are removed when the coupling is made implicit. Further, the development of CTF-R will enable future improvements in next generation reactor modeling, numerical methods, and coupling to other codes. Through the further development of CTF-R and other residual-based codes, state-of-the-art simulation is possible.